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Study properties of soft subgrade soil stabilized by sewage sludge/lime and nano-SiO2
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  • Journal title : Geomechanics and Engineering
  • Volume 10, Issue 6,  2016, pp.793-806
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.6.793
 Title & Authors
Study properties of soft subgrade soil stabilized by sewage sludge/lime and nano-SiO2
Lin, Deng-Fong; Luo, Huan-Lin; Chen, Chien-Ta; Cai, Ming-Du;
The pozzolanic characteristics of a sludge incinerated into ash were determined in this study. Lime is commonly used as a stabilizer for the treatment of soils, whereas sewage sludge ash (SSA) is often applied with lime to improve soft subgrade soil. In this study, a cohesive soil categorized as A-4 (low-plasticity clay) by AASHTO classifications was mixed with SSA/lime with a 3:1 ratio. Nano- was also added to the soil. To identify changes in the workability, strength, permeability, and shear strength of the soft subgrade soil, basic soil tests were conducted, and the microstructure of the treated soil was analyzed. The results indicate that SSA/lime mixtures improve the properties of soft subgrade soil and transform the soil from "poor subgrade soil" to "good to excellent subgrade soil" with a CBR > 8. Additionally, the addition of 2% nano- increases the unconfined compressive strength of soft subgrade soil treated with SSA/lime mixture by approximately 17 kPa. However, the swelling of the treated soil increased by approximately 0.1% after the addition of nano- and lime. Thus, soil swelling should be considered before lime and nano- are applied to soft subgrade soil.
lime;sewage;sludge ash;soft subgrade soil;
 Cited by
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