Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Overstrength factors for SDOF and MDOF systems with soil structure interaction
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Earthquakes and Structures
  • Volume 10, Issue 6,  2016, pp.1273-1289
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/eas.2016.10.6.1273
 Title & Authors
Overstrength factors for SDOF and MDOF systems with soil structure interaction
Aydemir, Muberra Eser; Aydemir, Cem;
This paper addresses the concept of lateral overstrength; the ratio of actual lateral strength to design base shear force, for both SDOF and MDOF systems considering soil structure interaction. Overstrength factors are obtained with inelastic time history analysis for SDOF systems for period range of 0.1-3.0 s, five different aspect ratios (h/r
seismic design;overstrength;soil structure interaction;SDOF systems;multi-storey structures;
 Cited by
Aksoylar, N.D., Elnashai, A.S. and Mahmoud, H. (2011), "The design and seismic performance of low-rise long-span frames with semi-rigid connections", J. Constr. Steel Res., 67(1), 114-126. crossref(new window)

Annan, C.D., Youssef, M.A. and El Naggar, M.H. (2008), "Seismic overstrength in braced frames of modular steel buildings", J. Earthq. Eng., 13(1), 1-21. crossref(new window)

Applied Technology Council (ATC) (1984), Tentative provisions for the development of seismic regulations for buildings, Rep. ATC-3-06, California.

Applied Technology Council (ATC) (1996), Seismic evaluation and retrofit of concrete buildings, ATC-40, Redwood City, CL: Applied Technology Council.

Applied Technology Council (ATC) (2008), Quantification of building seismic performance factors, ATC-63, Redwood City, CL: Applied Technology Council.

Aviles, J. and Perez-Rocha, L.E. (2005), "Influence of foundation flexibility on $R{\mu}$ and $C{\mu}$ factors", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 131(2), 221-230. crossref(new window)

Aviles, J. and Perez-Rocha, L.E. (2011), "Use of global ductility for design of structure-foundation systems", Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 31(7), 1018-1026. crossref(new window)

Boore, D.M. (1993), "Some notes concerning the determination of shear-wave velocity and attenuation", Proceeding of Geophysical Techniques for Site and Material Characterization, pp. 129-34.

Ciampoli, M. and Pinto, P.E. (1995), "Effects of soil-structure interaction on inelastic seismic response of bridge piers", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 121(5), 806-814. crossref(new window)

Di Sarno, L., Elnashai, A.S. and Nethercot, D.A. (2003), "Seismic performance assessment of stainless steel frames", J. Constr. Steel Res., 59(10), 1289-1319. crossref(new window)

Elnashai, A.S., Elghazouli, A.Y. and Denesh-Ashtiani, F.A. (1998), "Response of semirigid steel frames to cyclic and earthquake loads", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 124(8), 857-867. crossref(new window)

Elnashai, A.S. and Mwafy, A.M. (2002), "Overstrength and force reduction factors of multistory reinforced concrete buildings", Struct. Des. Tall Build., 11(5), 329-351. crossref(new window)

Eser Aydemir, M. (2011), "Soil structure interaction effects on structural behaviour parameters", PhD. Dissertation, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul. (in Turkish)

Eser, M., Aydemir, C. and Ekiz, I. (2012), "Inelastic displacement ratios for structures with foundation flexibility", KSCE J. Civ. Eng., 16(1), 155-162. crossref(new window)

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (2000), State of the art report on past performance of steel moment-frame buildings in earthquakes, FEMA-355E, Washington, D.C.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (2003), Recommended provisions for seismic regulations for new buildings and other structures, FEMA-450, Washington, D.C.

Ganjavi, B. and Hao, H. (2012a), "A parametric study on the evaluation of ductility demand distribution in multi-degree-of-freedom systems considering soil-structure interaction effects", Eng. Struct., 43, 88-104. crossref(new window)

Ganjavi, B. and Hao, H. (2012b), "Strength reduction factor for MDOF soil-structure systems", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., doi:10.1002/tal.1022. crossref(new window)

Ghannad, M.A. and Jahankhah, H. (2004), "Strength reduction factors considering soil-structure interaction", Proceedings of the 13th World conference on earthquake engineering, paper 2331, Vancouver, Canada.

Ghannad, M.A. and Jahankhah, H. (2007), "Site-dependent strength reduction factors for soil structure systems", Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 27(2), 99-110. crossref(new window)

Gupta, V.K. and Trifunac, M.D. (1991), "Seismic response of multistoried buildings including the effects of soil-structure interaction", Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 10(8), 414-422. crossref(new window)

Humar, J.L. and Ragozar, M.A. (1996), "Concept of overstrength in seismic design", Proceedings 11th WCEE, IAEE, Acapulco, Mexico.

Jain, S.K. and Navin, R. (1995), "Seismic overstrength in reinforced concrete frames", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 121(3), 580-585. crossref(new window)

Kappos, A.J. (1999), "Evaluation of behaviour factors on the basis of ductility and overstrength studies", Eng. Struct., 21(9), 823-835. crossref(new window)

Khoshnoudian, F., Ahmadi, E., Sohrabi, S. and Kiani, M. (2014), "Higher-mode effects for soil-structure systems under different components of near-fault ground motions", Earthq. Struct., 7(1), 83-99. crossref(new window)

Lin, Y.Y. and Miranda, E. (2008), "Kinematic soil-structure interaction effects on maximum inelastic displacement demands of SDOF systems", Bull. Earthq. Eng., 6(2), 241-259. crossref(new window)

Louzai, A. and Abed, A. (2015), "Evaluation of the seismic behavior factor of reinforced concrete frame structures based on comparative analysis between non-linear static pushover and incremental dynamic analyses", Bull. Earthq. Eng., 13(6), 1773-1793. crossref(new window)

Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N. and Park, R. (1988), "Theoretical stress-strain model for confined concrete", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 114(8), 1804-1826. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Public Works and Settlement (2007), Turkish Seismic Design Code, Ankara. (in Turkish)

Mitchell, D. and Paulter, P. (1994), "Ductility and overstrength in seismic design of reinforced concrete structures", Can. J. Civ. Eng., 21(6), 1049-1060. crossref(new window)

Mohammadi, R., Massumu, A. and Dini, A.M. (2015), "Structural reliability index versus behavior factor in RC frames with equal lateral resistance", Earthq. Struct., 8(5), 995-1016. crossref(new window)

Mwafy, A.M., Kwonb, O.S. and Elnashai, A.S. (2010), "Seismic assessment of an existing nonseismically designed major bridge-abutment-foundation system", Eng. Struct., 32(8), 2192-2209. crossref(new window)

Nik, F.A. and Khoshnoudian, F. (2014), "Strength reduction factor for multistory building-soil systems", Earthq. Struct., 6(3), 301-316. crossref(new window)

Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, PEER Strong motion database. Last access: 2015/05/15.

Park, R. (1996), "Explicit incorporation of element and structure overstrength in the design process", Proceedings 11th WCEE, IAEE, Acapulco, Mexico.

Penelis, G.G. and Kappos, A.J. (1997), Earthquake Resistant Concrete Structures, London: E & FN Spon.

Raychowdhury, P. (2011), "Seismic response of low-rise steel moment-resisting frame (SMRF) buildings incorporating nonlinear soil-structure interaction", Eng. Struct., 33(3), 958-967. crossref(new window)

Rodriguez, M.E. and Montes, R. (2000), "Seismic response and damage analysis of buildings supported on flexible soils", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 29(5), 647-665. crossref(new window)

Sanchez-Ricart, L. (2011), "Implications of structural overstrength on the calibration of seismic codes", Bull. Earthq. Eng., 9(5), 1579-1592. crossref(new window)

Seismosoft (2007), SeismoStruct - A computer program for static and dynamic nonlinear analysis of framed structures (online). Retrieved from

Stefano, M., Marino, E.M. and Rossi, P.P. (2006), "Effect of overstrength on the seismic behaviour of multistorey regularly asymmetric buildings", Bull. Earthq. Eng., 4(1), 23-42. crossref(new window)

Uang, C.M. (1991), "Establishing R (or Rw) and Cd factors for building seismic provisions", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 117(1), 19-28. crossref(new window)

Veletsos, A.S. (1977), "Dynamics of structure-foundation systems", Struct. Geotech. Mech., Ed., W.J. Hall, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., pp. 333-361.

Veletsos, A.S. and Nair, V.V.D. (1975), "Seismic interaction of structures on hysteretic foundations", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 101(1), 109-129.

Veletsos, A.S. and Meek, J.W. (1974), "Dynamic behavior of building foundation systems", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 3(2), 121-138. crossref(new window)

Wolf, J.P. (1994), Foundation vibration analysis using simple physical models, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Wolf, J.P. (1997), "Spring - dashpot-mass models for foundation vibrations", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 26(9), 931-949. crossref(new window)