JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A study on seismic behaviour of masonry mosques after restoration
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Earthquakes and Structures
  • Volume 10, Issue 6,  2016, pp.1331-1346
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/eas.2016.10.6.1331
 Title & Authors
A study on seismic behaviour of masonry mosques after restoration
Altunisik, Ahmet C.; Bayraktar, Alemdar; Genc, Ali F.;
 Abstract
Historical masonry structures have an important value for cultures and it is essential for every society to strengthen them and confidently transfer to the future. For this reason, determination of the seismic earthquake response, which is the most affecting factor to cause the damage at these structures, gain more importance. In this paper, the seismic earthquake behaviour of Kaya Çelebi Mosque, which is located in Turkey and the restoration process has still continued after 2011 Van earthquake, is determined. Firstly the dynamic modal analysis and subsequently the seismic spectral analysis are performed using the finite element model of the mosque constructed with restoration drawings in SAP2000 program. Maximum displacements, tensile, compressive and shear stresses are obtained and presented with contours diagrams. Turkish Earthquake Code and its general technical specifications are considered to evaluate the structural responses. After the analyses, it is seen that the displacements and compressive/shear stresses within the code limits. However, tension stresses exceeded the maximum values at some local regions. For this mosque, this is in tolerance limits considering the whole structure. But, it can be said that the tension stresses is very important for this type of the structures, especially between the stone and mortar. So, some additional strengthening solutions considering the originality of historical structures may be applicable on maximum tensile regions.
 Keywords
historical masonry structures;Kaya Celebi mosque;restoration;seismic earthquake response;seismic spectral analysis;Turkish Earthquake Code;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Dynamic response of a historical armory building using the finite element model validated by the ambient vibration test, Journal of Vibration and Control, 2018, 107754631875555  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
AFAD (2015), Earthquake Department of the Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, Ankara, Turkey, http://www.afad.gov.tr/.

2.
Akan, A.E. (2010), "Determination of structural performance of timber pillared historical mosques by finite element analysis", SDU Int. Technologic Sci., 2(1), 41-54.

3.
Bayraktar, A., Coskun, N. and Yalcin, A. (2007), "Performance of masonry stone buildings during the March 25 and 28, 2004 Askale (Erzurum) earthquakes in Turkey", J. Perform. Constr. Facil., 21(6), 432-440. crossref(new window)

4.
Bayraktar, A., Altunisik, A.C., Sevim, B. and Turker, T. (2010), "Seismic response of a historical masonry minaret using a finite element model updated with operational modal testing", J. Vib. Control, 17(1), 129-149.

5.
Bayraktar, A., Altunisik, A.C. and Muvafik, M. (2012), "Field investigation of the performance of masonry buildings during the October 23 and November 9, 2011, Van Earthquakes in Turkey", J. Perform. Constr. Facil., doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)CF.1943-5509.0000383. crossref(new window)

6.
Bayraktar, A., Altunisik, A.C. and Muvafik, M. (2014), "Damages of minarets during Ercis and Edremit Earthquakes, 2011 in Turkey", Smart Struct. Syst., 14(3), 479-499. crossref(new window)

7.
Brandonisio, G., Lucibello, G., Mele, E. and De Luca, A. (2013), "Damage and performance evaluation of masonry churches in the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake", Eng. Fail. Anal., 34, 693-714. crossref(new window)

8.
Can, H., Joseph, K. and Unay, A.I. (2012), "Seismic behaviour of historical masonry buildings with irregular geometry", J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., 27(3), 679-686.

9.
Dal Cin, A. and Russo, S. (2014), "Influence of the annex on seismic behavior of historic churches", Eng. Fail. Anal., 45, 300-313. crossref(new window)

10.
Lourenco, P.B. and Roque, J.A. (2006), "Simplified indexes for the seismic vulnerability of ancient masonry buildings", Constr. Build. Mater., 20(4), 200-208. crossref(new window)

11.
Lucibello, G., Brandonisio, G., Mele, E. and De Luca, A. (2013), "Seismic damage and performance of Palazzo Centi after L'Aquila earthquake: A paradigmatic case study of effectiveness of mechanical steel ties", Eng. Fail. Anal., 34, 407-430. crossref(new window)

12.
KOERI (2011), Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Preliminary Report, The November 09, 2011 Edremit-Van, Turkey Earthquake (ML=5.6), Department of Earthquake Engineering, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey.

13.
Paret, T.F., Freeman, S.A., Searer, G.R., Hachem, M. and Gilmartin, U.M. (2008), "Using traditional and innovative approaches in the seismic evaluation and strengthening of a historic unreinforced masonry synagogue", Eng. Struct., 30(8), 2114-2126. crossref(new window)

14.
Parisi, F. and Augenti, C. (2013), "Earthquake damages to cultural heritage constructions and simplified assessment of artworks", Eng. Fail. Anal., 34, 735-760. crossref(new window)

15.
Saisi, A. and Gentile, C. (2015), "Post-earthquake diagnostic investigation of a historic masonry tower", J. Cultural Herit., 16(4), 602-609. crossref(new window)

16.
Saisi, A., Gentile, C. and Guidobaldi, M. (2015), "Post-earthquake continuous dynamic monitoring of the Gabbia Tower in Mantua, Italy", Constr. Build. Mater., 81, 101-112. crossref(new window)

17.
SAP2000 (2015), Computers and Structures Inc. Berkeley, California, USA.

18.
Saloustros, S., Pela, L., Roca, P. and Portal, J. (2015), "Numerical analysis of structural damage in the church of the Poblet Monastery", Eng. Fail. Anal., 48, 41-61. crossref(new window)

19.
Soyluk, A. and Tuna, M.E. (2011), "Dynamic analysis of historical sehzade Mehmet mosque for base isolation application", J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., 26(3), 667-675.

20.
TEC (2007), Specification for Buildings to be Built in Seismic Zones, Ministry of Public Works and Settlement, General Directorate of Disaster Affairs, Earthquake Research Department, Ankara, Turkey, http://www.deprem.gov.tr.

21.
URL-1 (2015), http://ankarafotosafari.blogspot.com.tr/.

22.
USGS (2015), U.S. Geological Survey, Tectonic Map of Turkey, (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/year/2003/2003_05_01_maps.php, 27 June 2015).