Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of discontinuous submerged breakwater on water surface elevation
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean Systems Engineering
  • Volume 5, Issue 4,  2015, pp.319-329
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/ose.2015.5.4.319
 Title & Authors
Effects of discontinuous submerged breakwater on water surface elevation
Ketabdari, Mohammad J.; lamouki, Mohammad Barzegar Paiin; Moghaddasi, Alireza;
Submerged breakwaters are used to prevent shore line erosion and sediment transportation. One of their advantages is low visual impact. In this paper, the effects of discontinuous submerged breakwaters over water surface elevation was numerically studied considering the extended Boussinesq equations as governing equations using MIKE21 software. The result of discontinuous breakwater was compared with a beach without breakwater. The results showed that the gap dramatically effects on surface elevation from shore line to offshore. It is also evident from results that with approaching the center of the gap, fluctuation of surface elevation is generated. It is because of passing longshore currents towards offshore through the gap which leads to an increase in sediment transportation rate. Nevertheless, transferring water mass from breakwater gap results in powerful rip currents leading to high changes on longshore wave profile.
submerged breakwater;Boussinesq equations;wave-breakwater interaction;rip currents;
 Cited by
Abdul Khader, M.H. and Rai, S.P. (1980), "A study of submerged breakwaters", J. Hydraul. Res., 18(2), 113-121. crossref(new window)

Allsop, N.W.H. (1983), "Low-crest breakwaters, studies in random waves", Proceeding of coastal structure 1983, ASCE, New York, N.Y.

Beji, S. and Battjes, J.A. (1993), "Experimental investigation of wave propagation over a bar", Coastal Eng., 19(1-2), 151-162. crossref(new window)

Beji, S. and Battjes, J.A. (1994), "Numerical simulation of nonlinear-wave propagation over a bar", Coastal Eng.., 23(1-2), 1-16 crossref(new window)

Bellotti, G. (2004), "A simplified model of rip currents systems around discontinuous submerged barriers", Coastal Eng., 51(4), 323-335. crossref(new window)

Calabrese, M., Vicinanza, D. and Buccino, M. (2008), "2D Wave setup behind submerged breakwaters", Ocean Eng., 35(10), 1015-1028. crossref(new window)

Carevic, D., Loncar, G. and Prsic, M. (2013), "Wave parameters after smooth submerged breakwater", Coastal Eng.., 79, 32-41. crossref(new window)

DHI Sofware (2014), Mike 21 Manual.

Dronen, N., Karunarathna, H., Fressoe, J., Sumer, B.M. and Deigaard, R. (2002), "An experimental study of rip channel flow", Coastal Eng., 45, 223-238. crossref(new window)

Haller, M.C., Dalrymple, R.A. and Svendsen, I.A. (2002), "Experimental study of nearshore dynamics on a barred beach with rip channels", J. Geophys. Res., 107(14), 1-21.

Haller, M.C., Dalrymple, R.A. and Svendsen, I.A. (1997), "Rip-channels and nearshore circulation: experiments", Proc. Coastal Dyn., 97, 594-603.

Hur, D.S., Kawashima, N. and Iwata, K. (2003), "Experimental study of the breaking limit of multi-directional random waves passing over an impermeable submerged breakwater", Ocean Eng., 30(15), 1923-1940. crossref(new window)

Izumiya, T. (1990), "Extension of mild slope equation for waves propagating over a permeable submerged breakwater", Proceedings of the 22nd Int. Conf. Coastal Eng., ASCE, Delft, The Netherlands.

Johnson, J.W., Fuchs, R.A. and Morison, J.R. (1951), "The damping action of submerged breakwaters", T. Am. Geophys. Union., 32(5), 704-718. crossref(new window)

Jolas, P. (1960), "Passage de la houlesur un seuil. Houille Blanche", 2, 148-152.

Kawasaki, K. and Iwata, K. (1998), "Numerical analysis of wave breaking due to submerged breakwater in three dimensional wave field", Proceedings of the 26th International Conference of Coastal Engineering, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Kevin, A.H. and Svendsen, I.A. (2001), "Laboratory measurements of the vertical structure of rip currents", J. Geophys. Res., 107, 103-122.

Koraim, A.S., Heikal, E.M. and Zaid, A.A. (2014), "Hydrodynamic characteristics of porous seawall protected by submerged breakwater", Appl. Ocean Res., 46, 1-14. crossref(new window)

Lan, Y.J., Hsu, T.W. and Liu, Y.R. (2014), "Mathematical study on wave interaction with a composite poroelastic submerged breakwater", Wave Motion., 34, 13-27.

Lin, P. (2004), "A numerical study of solitary wave interaction with rectangular obstacles", Coast. Eng., 51(1), 35-51. crossref(new window)

Lin, P. and Karunarathna, S. (2007), "Numerical study of solitary wave interaction with porous breakwaters", J. Waterway Port C. - ASCE, 352-363.

Liu, Y., Li, Y.C., Teng, B. and Dong, S. (2008), "Wave motion over a submerged breakwater with an upper horizontal porous plate and a lower horizontal solid plate", Ocean Eng., 35(16), 1588-1596. crossref(new window)

Losada, I.J., Losada, M.A. and Martin, F.L. (1995), "Experimental study of wave-induced flow in a porous structure", Coast. Eng., 26, 77- 98. crossref(new window)

Madsen, P.A. and Sorensen, O.R. (1992), "A new form of the Boussinesq Equations with improved linear dispersion characteristic, part2: a slowly-varying bathymetry", Coast. Eng., 18(3-4), 183-204. crossref(new window)

Madsen, P.A., Murray, R. and Sorensen, O.R. (1991), "A new form of the Boussinesq Equations with improved linear dispersion characteristic, part1", Coast. Eng., 15, 371-388. crossref(new window)

Newman, J.N. (1965), "Propagation of water waves past long two dimensional obstacles", J. Fluid Mech., 23(1), 23-29. crossref(new window)

Raman, H., Shankar, J. and Dattatri, J. (1977), "Submerged Breakwaters", Central Board of Irrigation and Power J., 34, 205-212.

Ranasinghe, R., Larson, M. and Savioli, J. (2010), "Shoreline response to a single shore-parallel submerged breakwater", Coast. Eng., 57(11-12), 1006-1017. crossref(new window)

Rojanakamthorn, S., Isobe, M. and Watanabe, A. (1989), "A mathematical model of wave transformation over a submerged breakwater", Coast. Japan, Tokyo, 32(2), 209-234. crossref(new window)

Rojanakamthorn, S., Isobe, M., and Watanabe, A. (1990), "Modeling of wave transformation on submerged breakwater", Proceedings of the 22nd Coast. Engrg. Conf., ASCE, New York.

Sharifahmadian, A. and Simons, R.R. (2014), "A 3D numerical model of nearshore wave field behind submerged breakwaters", Coast. Eng., 83, 190-204. crossref(new window)

Seabrook, S.R. (1997), Investigation of the Performance of Submerged Breakwaters, Master Thesis, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Tsujimoto, G., Kakuno, S., Shigematsu, T., Kurata, K. and Hosoyamada, T. (1999), "Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flows around A New Type of Reef Breakwater with Perforations by The k-$\varepsilon$ Turbulence Model", Coastal Structures '99 , 2 Losada, Inigo. J (ed), Balkema., 705-712.

Van der Meer, J.W. and Daemen, I.F.R. (1994), "Stability and Wave Transmission at Low-crested Rubble Mound Structures", J. Waterw. Ports, C. - ASCE, 120, 1-19. crossref(new window)

Wu, Y.T. and Hsiao, S.C. (2013), "Propagation of solitary waves over a submerged permeable breakwater", Coast. Eng., 81, 1-18. crossref(new window)

Young, D.M. and Testik, F.Y. (2011), "Wave reflection by submerged vertical and semicircular breakwaters", Ocean Eng., 38 (10), 1269-1276. crossref(new window)

Zhang, J. S., Jeng, D.S., Liu, P.L.F., Zhang, C. and Zhang, Y. (2012), "Response of a porous seabed to water waves over permeable submerged breakwaters with Bragg reflection", Ocean Eng., 43, 1-12. crossref(new window)