JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Single and mixed chelants-assisted phytoextraction of heavy metals in municipal waste dump soil by castor
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Single and mixed chelants-assisted phytoextraction of heavy metals in municipal waste dump soil by castor
Wuana, Raymond A.; Eneji, Ishaq S.; Naku, Julius U.;
 Abstract
The phytoextraction of some toxic heavy metals from municipal waste dump soil by castor plant (Ricinus communis) was tested under natural and single or mixed chelant-assisted scenarios in pot microcosms. A sandy loam with total metal contents (mg/kg): Cd (84.5), Cu (114.5), Ni (70.3), Pb (57.8), and Zn (117.5), was sampled from an active dumpsite in Calabar, Nigeria and used for the study. Castor (small seed variety) was grown under natural phytoextraction or single/binary chelant (citric acid, oxalic acid, and EDTA) applications (5-20 mmol/kg soil) for 63 days. Castor exhibited no visual phytotoxic symptoms with typically sigmoid growth profiles at the applied chelant doses. Growth rates, however, decelerated with increase in chelant dose. Post-harvest biomass yields were higher under chelant application than for natural phytoextraction. Both root and shoot metal concentrations (mg/kg) increased quasilinearly and significantly () with increase in chelant dose, furnishing maximum levels as: Cd (55.6 and 20.9), Cu (89.5 and 58.4), Ni (49.8 and 19.6), Pb (32.1 and 12.1), and Zn (99.5 and 46.6). Ranges of translocation factors, root and shoot bioaccumulation factors were 0.21-3.49, 0.01-0.89 and 0.01-0.51, respectively. Overall, the binary chelant treatments were less toxic for R. communis growth and enhanced metal accumulation in shoots to a greater extent than the single chelant scenarios, but more so when EDTA was present in the binary combination. This suggests that the mixed chelants could be considered as alternative treatments for enhanced phytoextraction and revegetation of degraded waste dump soils.
 Keywords
waste dump soil;heavy metals;Ricinus communis;phytoextraction;mixed chelants;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Abdus-Salam, N. (2009), "Assessment of heavy metals pollution in dumpsites in Ilorin metropolis", Ethiopian J. Envir. Stud. Manage., 2(2), 92-99.

2.
Abenchi, E.S., Okunola, O.J., Zubairu, S.M.J., Usman, A.A. and Apene, E. (2010), "Evaluation of heavy metals in roadside soils of major streets in Jos Metropolis", Niger. J. Envir. Chem. Ecotoxicol., 2(6), 98-102.

3.
Afangideh, A.I., Njar, G.N., Ewa, E.E., Eli, H.D. and Iwarra, A.I. (2011), "Assessment of water quality status of borehole in calabar south local government area, Cross River State", Int. J. Biosci., 1(5), 71-76.

4.
Ali, H., Khan, E. and Sajad, M.A. (2013), "Phytoremediation of heavy metals-Concepts and applications", Chemosphere, 91(7), 869-881. crossref(new window)

5.
Angelova, V., Perifanova-Nemska, M. and Ivanov, K. (2016), "Potential of Castor Bean (Ricinus communis L.) for phytoremediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals", Int. J. Envir. Ecol. Engr., 3(5), 5-10.

6.
Bosiacki, M., Kleiber, T. and Kaczmarek, J. (2013), "Evaluation of suitability of Amaranthus caudatus L. and Ricinus communis L. in phytoextraction of cadmium and lead from contaminated substrates", Archiv.Envir.Protec., 39(3), 47-59. crossref(new window)

7.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, CCME (2007), Canadian Soil Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Environmental and Human Health, Publication No. 1299. Available at http://www.ccme.ca.

8.
Chatzistathis, T. and Therios, I. (2013), "How soil nutrient availability influences plant biomass and how biomass stimulation alleviates heavy metal toxicity in soils: The cases of nutrient use efficient genotypes and phytoremediators, respectively", Eds., Miodrag, Darko, Matovic, Biomass Now-Cultivation and Utilization, doi: dx.doi.org/10.5772/53594. crossref(new window)

9.
Cutright, T., Gunda, N. and Kurt, F. (2010), "Simultaneous hyperaccumulation of multiple heavy metals by Helianthus Annuus grown in a contaminated sandy-loam soil", Int. J. Phytorem., 12(6), 562-573. crossref(new window)

10.
do Nascimento, C.W.A., Amarasiriwardena, D. and Xing, B.S. (2006), "Comparison of natural organic acids and synthetic chelates at enhancing phytoextraction of metals from a multi-metal contaminated soil", Envir. Pollut., 140(1), 114-123. crossref(new window)

11.
Ekwere, A.S., Ekwere, S.J., Ephraim, B.E. and Ugbaja, A.N. (2014), "Distribution of heavy metals in urban soils; a case study of Calabar area, south-eastern Nigeria", Geosciences, 4(1), 23-28.

12.
Elaigwu, S.E., Ajibola, V.O. and Folaranmi, F.M. (2007), "Studies on the impact of municipal waste dumps on surrounding soil and air quality of cities in northern Nigeria", J. Appl. Sci., 7(3), 421-425. crossref(new window)

13.
Emamverdian, A., Ding, Y., Mokhberdoran, F. and Xie, Y. (2015), "Heavy metal stress and some mechanisms of plant defense response", Scientific World J., 1-18.

14.
Fawzy, E.M. (2008), "Soil remediation using in-situ immobilization techniques", Chem. Ecol., 24(2), 147-156. crossref(new window)

15.
Gisbert, C., Ros, R., de Haro, A., Walker, D.J., Pilar-Bernal, M., Serrano, R. and Avino, J.N. (2003), "A plant genetically modified that accumulates Pb is especially promising for phytoremediation", Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 303(2), 440-445. crossref(new window)

16.
Gismera, M.J., Lacal, J., da Silver, P., Garcia, R., Sevilla, M.T. and Procopio, J.R. (2004), "Study of metal fractionation in river sediments. A comparison between kinetic and sequential extraction procedures", Environ. Pollut., 127(2), 175-182. crossref(new window)

17.
Gunawardana, B., Singhal, N. and Johnson, A. (2011), "Effects of amendments on copper, cadmium, and lead phytoextraction by Lolium perenne from multiple-metal contaminated solution", Int. J. Phytorem., 13(3), 215-232. crossref(new window)

18.
Hakanson, L. (1980), "An ecological risk index aquatic pollution control. A sedimentological approach", Water Res., 14(8), 975-1001. crossref(new window)

19.
Hope, B.K. (2006), "An examination of ecological risk assessment and management practices", Envir. Int., 32(8), 983-995. crossref(new window)

20.
Huang, H., Yu, N., Wang, L., Gupta, D.K., He, Z., Wang, K., Zhu, Z., Yan, Y., Li, T. and Yang, X. (2011), "The phytoremediation potential of bioenergy crop Ricinus communis for DDTs and cadmium cocontaminated soil", Bioresour. Technol., 102(23),11034-11038. crossref(new window)

21.
Jadia, C.D. and Fulekar, M.H. (2008), "Phytotoxicity and remediation of heavy metals by fibrous root grass (sorghum)", J. Appl. Biosci., 10(1), 491-499.

22.
Jaya, I.K.D. and Jayaputra, N. (2014), "The potential of intercropping food crops and energy crop to improve productivity of a degraded agriculture land in arid tropics", J. Degraded Mining Lands Manage., 1(3), 111-116.

23.
Joshi M., Waghmare S., Chougule P. and Kanase, A. (2004), "Extract of Ricinus communis leaves mediated alterations in liver and kidney functions against single dose of CCL", J. Ecophysiol. Occupation. Hlth., 4(34), 169-173.

24.
Karczewska, A., Galka, B., Kabala, C., Szopka, K., Kocan, K. and Dziamba, K. (2009), "Effects of various chelators on the uptake of Cu, Pb, Zn and Fe by maize and Indian mustard from silty loam soil polluted by the emissions from copper smelter", Frenesius Envir. Bull., 18(10a), 1967-1974.

25.
Kimenyu, P.N., Oyaro, N., Chacha, J.S. and Tsanuo, M.K. (2009), "The potential of Commelina bengalensis, Amaranthus hybridus, Zea mays for phytoremediation of heavy metals from contaminated soils", Sains Malaysiana, 38(1), 61-68.

26.
Kirpichtchikova, T.A., Manceau, A., Spadini, L. Panfili, F., Marcus, M.A. and Jacquet, T. (2006), "Speciation and solubility of heavy metals in contaminated soil using X-ray microfluorescence, EXAFS spectroscopy, chemical extraction, and thermodynamic modeling", Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70, 2163-2190. crossref(new window)

27.
Krishna, A.K. and Govil, P.K. (2007), "Soil contamination due to heavy metals from an industrial area of Surat, Gujarat, Western India", Envir. Monit. Assess., 124(1-3), 263-275. crossref(new window)

28.
Li, J., Baker, A.J.M., Ye, Z., Wang, H. and Shu, W. (2012), "Phytoextraction of Cd contaminated soils:current status and future challenges", Critical Rev. Envir. Sci. Technol., 42(20), 2113-2152. crossref(new window)

29.
Ling, W., Shen, Q., Gao, Y., Gu, X. and Yang, Z. (2007), "Use of bentonite to control the release of copper from contaminated soils", Aus. J. Soil Res., 45(8), 618-623. crossref(new window)

30.
Mahmood, T. (2010), "Phytoextraction of heavy metals - the process and scope for remediation of contaminated soils", Soil Envir. 29(2), 91-109.

31.
Mahmud, R., Inoue, N., Kasajima, S., Kat, M., Shaheenj, R., Miah, M.A.M. and Rahman, M.S. (2006), "Response of common buckwheat and castor oil plant against different levels of soil arsenic concentration: a comparative study", Fagopyrum, 23, 45-51.

32.
McLaughlin, M.J., Zarcinas, B.A., Stevens, D.P. and Cook, N. (2000), "Soil testing for heavy metals", Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 31(11-14), 1661-1700. crossref(new window)

33.
Minino, H., Rendina, A., Barros, M.J., Bursztyn, A., de los Ríos, A., Wassner, D. and de Iorio, A.F. (2014), "Use of organic ligands in lead Phytoextraction by Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.)", Augmdomus, 6, 66-80.

34.
Nabulo, G., Oryem Origa, H., Nasinyama, G.W. and Cole, D. (2008), "Assessment of Zn, Cu, Pb and Ni contamination in wetland soils and plants in the Lake Victoria basin", Int. J. Envir. Sci. Tech., 5(1), 65-74. crossref(new window)

35.
Obasi, N.A., Akubugwo, E.I., Ugbogu, O.C. and Otuchristian, G. (2012), "Assessment of physico-chemical properties and heavy metals bioavailability in dumpsites along Enugu-Port Harcourt expressways, southeast Nigeria", Asian J. Appl. Sci., 5(6), 342-356. crossref(new window)

36.
Olivares, A.R., Carrillo-Gonzalez, R., Gonzalez-Chavez, M.D.A. and Hernandez, R.M. S. (2013), "Potential of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) for phytoremediation of mine tailings and oil production", J. Envir. Manage., 114, 316-323. crossref(new window)

37.
Padmavathiamma, P.K. and Li, L.Y. (2007), "Phytoremediation technology: Hyper-accumulation metals in plants", Water Air Soil Pollut., 184(1-4), 105-126. crossref(new window)

38.
Pedron, F. and Petruzzelli, G. (2011), "Green remediation strategies to improve the quality of contaminated soils", Chem. Ecol., 27, 89-95. crossref(new window)

39.
Pooja S.J., Namita G., Anil, K.M. and Karuna, S. (2014), "New anti-inflammatory triterpene from the root of Ricinus communis", Natural Product Res., 28(5), 306-311. crossref(new window)

40.
Rajkumar, M. and Freitas, H. (2008), "Influence of metal resistant-plant growth promoting bacteria on the growth of Ricinus communis in soil contaminated with heavy metals", Chemosphere, 71(5), 834-842. crossref(new window)

41.
Reddy, K.R. and Matcha, S.K. (2010), "Quantifying nitrogen effects on castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) development, growth and photosynthesis", Indus. Crops Prod., 31(1), 185-191. crossref(new window)

42.
Reichman, S.M. (2002), "The responses of plants to metal toxicity: a reviewfocusing on copper, manganese and zinc", Australian Min. Energy Envir. Found., 14, 1-14.

43.
Salihu, B.Z., Gana, A.K. and Apuyor, B.O. (2014), "Castor Oil Plant (Ricinus communis L.): botany, ecology and uses", Int. J. Sci. Res., 3(5), 1333-1341.

44.
Saraswat, S. and Rai, J.P.N. (2009), "Phytoextraction potential of six plant species grown in multimetal contaminated soil", Chem Ecol., 25(1), 1-11. crossref(new window)

45.
Scragg, A. (2006), Environmental Biotechnology (2nd edition), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

46.
Shi, G.R. and Cai, Q.S. (2009), "Cadmium tolerance and accumulation in eight potential energy crops", Biotechnol. Adv., 27(5), 555-561. crossref(new window)

47.
Smith, R.M. and Martell, A.E. (1976), Critical Stability Constants, Vol. 1-4, Plenum Press, New York.

48.
Vamerali, T., Bandiera, M. and Mosca, G. (2010), "Field crops for phytoremediation of metal-contaminated land-A review", Envir. Chem. Lett., 8(1), 1-17. crossref(new window)

49.
Vanaja, M., Jyothi, M., Ratnakumar, P., Vagheera, P., Reddy, P.R., Lakshmi, N.J., Yadav, S.K., Maheshwari, M. and Venkateswarlu, B. (2008), "Growth and yield responses of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) to two enhanced $CO_2$ levels", Plant Soil Envir., 54(1), 38-46. crossref(new window)

50.
Warra, A.A. (2015), "Castor seed oil and its potential cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, achieves of scientific research", 1(1), 17-22.

51.
Worbs, S., Kohler, K., Pauly, D., Avondet, M., Schaer, M., Dorner, M.B. and Dorner, B.G. (2011), "Ricinus communis intoxications in human and veterinary medicine-A summary of real cases", Toxins, 3(10), 1332-1372. crossref(new window)

52.
Wuana, R.A, Adie, P.A. and Asegh, I.N. (2012), "Seasonal variation in bioavailability of some toxic metals in waste dump soils of Makurdi, North-Central Nigeria", J. Biodivers. Envir. Sci., 2(11), 7-17.

53.
Wuana, R.A. and Mbasugh, P.A. (2013), "Response of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) to heavy metals contamination in soils with different organic fertilizations", Chem. Ecol., 29(5), 437-447. crossref(new window)

54.
Wuana, R.A. and Okieimen, F.E. (2011), "Heavy metals in contaminated soils: A review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation", ISRN Ecology, 1-20.

55.
Zhang, H., Guo, Q., Yang, J., Chen, T., Zhu,G., Peters, M., Wei, R., Tian, L., Wang, C., Tan, D., Ma, J., Wang, G. and Wan, Y. (2014), "Cadmium accumulation and tolerance of two castor cultivars in relation to antioxidant systems", J. Envir. Sci., 26(10), 2048-2055. crossref(new window)