JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Nano-engineered concrete using recycled aggregates and nano-silica: Taguchi approach
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Nano-engineered concrete using recycled aggregates and nano-silica: Taguchi approach
Prusty, Rajeswari; Mukharjee, Bibhuti B.; Barai, Sudhirkumar V.;
 Abstract
This paper investigates the influence of various mix design parameters on the characteristics of concrete containing recycled coarse aggregates and Nano-Silica using Taguchi method. The present study adopts Water-cement ratio, Recycled Coarse Aggregate (%), Maximum cement content and Nano-Silica (%) as factors with each one having three different levels. Using the above mentioned control parameters with levels an Orthogonal Array (OA) matrix experiments of L9 (34) has selected and nine number of concrete mixes has been prepared. Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, Flexural Tensile Strength, Modulus of Elasticity and Non-Destructive parameters are selected as responses. Experimental results are analyzed and the optimum level for each response is predicted. Analysis of 28 days CS depicts that NS (%) is the most significant factor among all factors. Analysis of the tensile strength results indicates that the effect of control factor W/C ratio is ranked one and then NS (%) is ranked two which suggests that W/C ratio and NS (%) have more influence as compared to other two factors. However, the factor that affects the modulus of elasticity most is found to be RCA (%). Finally, validation experiments have been carried out with the optimal mixture of concrete with Nano-Silica for the desired engineering properties of recycled aggregate concrete. Moreover, the comparative study of the predicted and experimental results concludes that errors between both experimental and predicted values are within the permissible limits. This present study highlights the application of Taguchi method as an efficient tool in determining the effects of constituent materials in mix proportioning of concrete.
 Keywords
recycled aggregate concrete;nano-silica;design of experiments;Taguchi method;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Properties of concrete incorporating sand and cement with waste marble powder,;;;;

Advances in concrete construction, 2016. vol.4. 2, pp.145-160 crossref(new window)
2.
Performance studies on concrete with recycled coarse aggregates,;;;

Advances in concrete construction, 2016. vol.4. 4, pp.263-281 crossref(new window)
3.
Performance of bricks and brick masonry prism made using coal fly ash and coal bottom ash,;;;

Advances in concrete construction, 2016. vol.4. 4, pp.231-242 crossref(new window)
1.
Performance of bricks and brick masonry prism made using coal fly ash and coal bottom ash, Advances in concrete construction, 2016, 4, 4, 231  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Hybrid fiber reinforced self compacting concrete with fly ash and colloidal nano silica: A systematic study, Construction and Building Materials, 2018, 160, 828  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Performance studies on concrete with recycled coarse aggregates, Advances in concrete construction, 2016, 4, 4, 263  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
ASTM C 469 (2002), Standard test method for static modulus of elasticity and Poission's ratio Concrete in Compression, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Pennsylvania, USA.

2.
Berndt, M.L. (2009), "Properties of sustainable concrete containing fly ash, slag and recycled concrete aggregate", Constr. Build. Mater., 23(9), 2609-2613.

3.
Berra, M., Carassiti, F., Mangialardi, T., Paolini, A.E. and Sebastiani, M. (2012), "Effects of nanosilica addition on workability and compressive strength of Portland cement pastes", Constr. Build. Mater., 35, 666-675. crossref(new window)

4.
Chang, C.Y., Huang, R., Lee, P.C. and Weng, T.L. (2011), "Application of a weighted Grey Taguchi method for optimizing recycled aggregate concrete mixture", Cem Conc Comp., 33(10), 1038-1049. crossref(new window)

5.
Coelho, A. and de Brito, J. (2011), "Distribution of materials in construction and demolition waste in Portugal", Waste Manage Res, 29(8), 843-853. crossref(new window)

6.
De Juan,M.S. and Gutierrez, P.A. (2009), "Study on the influence of attached mortar content on the properties of recycled concrete aggregate". Constr. Build. Mater., 23(2), 872-877. crossref(new window)

7.
Del Rio Merino, M., Gracia, P.I. and Azevedo, I.S.W. (2010), "Sustainable construction: construction and demolition waste reconsidered", Waste Manage Res., 28(2), 118-129. crossref(new window)

8.
Elhakam, A.A., Mohamed, A.E. and Awad, E. (2012), "Influence of self-healing, mixing method and adding silica fume on mechanical properties of recycled aggregates concrete", Constr. Build. Mater., 35, 421-27. crossref(new window)

9.
Hao, J.L., Hills,M.J. and Tam, V.W. (2008), "The effectiveness of Hong Kong's construction waste disposal charging scheme", Waste Mange Res, 26(6), 553-558. crossref(new window)

10.
Hosseini, P., Booshehrian A. and Madari, A. (2011), Developing concrete recycling strategies by utilization of nano-SiO2 Particles, Waste and Biomass Valor, 2(3), 347-355. crossref(new window)

11.
IS 1331 (1992), Indian Standard Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete-Method of Test: Part 1 Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.

12.
IS 1331 (1992), Indian Standard Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete-Method of Test: Part 2 Rebound Hammer, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.

13.
IS 2386 (1963), Methods of Test for Aggregates for Concrete, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

14.
IS 383 (1970), Specification for Coarse and Fine Aggregates, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

15.
IS 5816 (1999), Indian Standard Splitting Tensile Strength of Concrete-Method of Test, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.

16.
Limbachiya, M., Meddah, M.S. and Ouchagour, Y. (2012), "Use of recycled concrete aggregate in fly-ash concrete", Constr. Build. Mater., 27(1), 439-449.

17.
Lin, K.L., Wu, H.H., Shie, J.L., Hwang, C.L. and Cheng, A. (2010), "Recycling waste brick from construction and demolition of buildings as pozzolanic materials", Waste Manage Res., 28(7), 653-659. crossref(new window)

18.
Lin, Y.H., Tyan, Y.Y., Chang, T.P. and Chang, C.Y. (2004), "An assessment of optimal mixture for concrete made with recycled concrete aggregates", Cem Concrete Res., 34(8), 1373-1380. crossref(new window)

19.
Minitab v16 (2010), Minitab Inc.

20.
Montgomery, D.C. (2012), Design and Analysis of Experiment, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, USA.

21.
Mukharjee, B.B. and Barai, S.V. (2014), "Influence of nano-silica on the properties of recycled aggregate concrete", Constr. Build. Mater., 55, 29-37. crossref(new window)

22.
Neville, A.M. (2012), Properties of Concrete, Pearson Education India, New Delhi, India.

23.
Olivia, M. and Nikraz, H. (2012), "Properties of fly ash geopolymer concrete designed by Taguchi method", Mater and Design, 36, 191-198. crossref(new window)

24.
Ozbay, E., Oztas, A., Baykasoglu, A. and Ozbebek, H. (2009), "Investigating mix proportions of high strength self compacting concrete by using Taguchi method", Constr. Build. Mater., 23(2), 694-702. crossref(new window)

25.
Pacheco-Torgal, F., Miraldo, S., Ding, Y. and Labrincha, J.A. (2013), "Targeting HPC with the help of nanoparticles: An overview", Constr. Build. Mater., 38, 365-370. crossref(new window)

26.
Poon, C.S., Kou, S.C. and Lam, L. (2002), "Use of recycled aggregates in molded concrete bricks and blocks", Constr. Build. Mater., 16(5), 281-289. crossref(new window)

27.
Qing, Y., Zenan, Z., Deyu, K. and Rongshen, C. (2007), "Influence of nano-silica addition on properties of hardened cement paste as compared with silica fume", Constr. Build. Mater., 21(3), 539-545. crossref(new window)

28.
Rakshvir, M. and Barai, S.V. (2006), "Studies on recycled aggregates-based concrete", Waste Manage Res., 24(3), 225-233. crossref(new window)

29.
Rao, M., Bhattacharya, S.K. and Barai, S.V. (2009), "Influence of field recycled coarse aggregate on properties of concrete", Mater. Struct., 44(1), 1163-1167.

30.
Roy, R.K. (2001), Design of Experiments Using the TAGUCHI Approach: 16 Steps to Product and Process, john wiley and sons Inc., New York, USA.

31.
Said, A.M., Zeidan, M.S., Bassuoni, M.T. and Tian, Y. (2012), "Properties of concrete incorporating nano-silica", Constr. Build. Mater., 36, 838-844. crossref(new window)

32.
Tam, V.W. and Tam, C.M. (2009), "Parameters for assessing recycled aggregate and their correlation", Waste Manage Res., 27(1), 52-58. crossref(new window)

33.
Tam, V.W., Kotrayothar, D. and Loo, Y.C. (2009), "On the prevailing construction waste recycling practices: a South East Queensland study", Waste Manage Res., 27(2), 167-174. crossref(new window)

34.
Turkmen, I., Gul, R. and Celik, C. (2008), "A Taguchi approach for investigation of some physical properties of concrete produced from mineral admixtures", Build. Envir., 43(6), 1127-1137. crossref(new window)