In this paper, estimation error bounds of the optimal FIR (Finite Impulse Response) filter, which is proposed by Kwon et al.[1, 2], are presented in discrete-time systems with the model uncertainty. Performance bounds are here represented by the upper bounds on the difference of the estimation error covariances between the nominal and real values in case of the systems with the noise or model parameter uncertainty. The estimation error bounds of the discrete-time optimal FIR filter is compared with those of the Kalman filter via a numerical example applied to the simulation problem by Toda and Patel. Simulation results show that the former has robuster performance than the latter.