The moisture diffusion and self-desiccation cause the differential drying shrinkage and autogenous shrinkage at early ages, respecitvely. Thus total shrinkage strain includes the differential drying shrinkage and self-desiccation shrinkage. Thus in this study the shrinkage strain was measured at various positions in the exposed concrete and in the sealed concrete the self-desiccation shrinkage was measured. In low-strength concrete, the differential drying shrinkage increases very rapidly, but self-desiccation shrinkage is very small. But high-strength concrete shows the reverse result. And the analytical results for differential drying shrinkage were in good agreement with the test results.