A study ell the residual stress in rail by the web saw-cut method

복부절단법에 의한 레일의 잔류응력에 관한 연구

  • 서정원 (한국철도기술연구원 차량연구본부) ;
  • 구병춘 (한국철도기술연구원 차량연구본) ;
  • 정우현 (강원산업주식회사 기술부)
  • Published : 1999.11.01

Abstract

Rails have residual stresses produced during manufacturing processes. The residual stresses play all important role on brittle fracture, fatigue strength and derailment by producing cracks in the web of rail. The web saw-cut test is a technique developed to measure the bulk longitudinal residual stress level. It is a simple mettled to estimate a stress intensity factor, $_{4}$ for a web crack by using the radii of curvature of the upper and lower portions of a cut rail. But according to this method, $_{4}$ varies along the rail length because the curvatures along tile rail length vary In this paper, tile residual stress was estimated by Finite Element Method and tile web saw-cut method. In addition tile variation of the residual stress with time was investigated.