Prediction of Fatigue Crack Initiation Direction around a Hole under Biaxial Loads Considering Phase Difference and Biaxiality

이축성과 위상차의 영향을 고려한 이축 하중하에서 구멍 주위에서의 피로 균열 발생 방향 예측

  • 허용학 (한국표준과학연구원) ;
  • 박휘립 (한국표준과학연구원 환경안전연구센터) ;
  • 김동진 (한국표준과학연구원 환경안전연구센터)
  • Published : 2004.04.28


To predict the direction of the fatigue crack initiated from a hole under various types of biaxial fatigue loads with different phase difference and biaxiality, fatigue parameters were investigated. Axial and torsional biaxial fatigue loads were selected with the respective combination of five different phase differences of 0, 45, 90, 145 and 180 degrees and five biaxialities of 0, $1/{\sqrt{3}}$, 1, ${\sqrt{3}}$, ${\infty}$. Directions of the fatigue crack initiation around the hole were found to approach to the circumferential direction of the specimen with increment of the phase difference for fatigue tests with phase differences less than $90^{\circ}$. Whereas directions for tests with phase differences greater than $90^{\circ}$ went away from the circumferential direction and those were symmetric to the directions for tests with phase difference less than $90^{\circ}$. With increase of biaxilities, the fatigue crack initiated more apart from the circumferential direction of the specimen. These crack initiation direction were predicted using maximum tangential stress range and maximum shear stress range obtained at far-field and around the hole. Comparing these two stress parameters, The crack initiation direction can be successfully explained by using the direction of the maximum tangential stress range obtained around the hole and at far-field.