To the installed CWR (Continuously Welded Rail) on steel plate girder bridges without ballast, shoes were replaced by the shoe for reduced axial force. During 9 months, from summer to winter, expansion by a temperature on girders, axial forces by a temperature on CWR, etc. are tested and the results are evaluated. Also, with the numerical analysis, the results - axial forces by a temperature on CWR, deformations of girders, etc. are compared and evaluated. From the longitudinal displacement on girders, occurred by run of trains, because of looking for the stability, the bearings for reducing axial forces are applied to the railway bridges. It is verified that the bearings for reducing axial forces disperse the axial forces by a temperature from the measurement of the forces on CWR of plate girder bridges,.