Comparison of Chord method with Surveying in Track irregularity Measurement

측량과 현방식 궤도틀림 측정 비교

  • 이지하 (한국철도기술연구원, 궤도토목연구본부) ;
  • 이상진 (한국철도기술연구원, 궤도토목연구본부)
  • Published : 2008.06.12


Track geometry consists of tangent and curved lines, which caused undesirable changes in initial track geometry by traffic loads. The bigger the changes are, the worse the riding comfort and running stability of train. This is so-called track irregularity and is the most important quality parameters of ballasted track. To be able to objectively assess track irregularity, track geometry should be able to be measured. Practically, railway companies use moving chord method, this method determine versine values via a chord. The versine is the vertical distance to curve measured in the middle of the chord. This type of method measures only versine of track irregularity curve by transfer function from specific property of measuring tool. In this report, review the characteristics of two types of measuring tools by comparing the measurements. The one is GRP-1000 system, optical surveying system with Total station and lazar prism trolly. This calculates track geometry by surveying absolute coordinates of two points each on both rail heads. The other is Trackmaster, measures versine with 2m of chord length.