Parallel Operation Characteristics of Utility Interactive Photovoltaic System and Revolving Field Type Synchronous Generator

계통연계 태양광발전시스템과 회전계자형 동기발전기의 병렬운전 특성

  • Ryu, Yeon-Soo (Technical Engineering Office, Korea Rural Community & Agriculture Corporation) ;
  • Yoo, Wang-Jin (Dept. of Venture Technology & Management, Graduate School, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, Checl-Gyu (Dept. of Venture Technology & Management, Graduate School, Konkuk University) ;
  • Moon, Jong-Beom (Dept. of Venture Technology & Management, Graduate School, Konkuk University)
  • 류연수 (한국농촌공사 기술본부) ;
  • 유왕진 (건국대학교 대학원 벤처전문기술학과) ;
  • 이철규 (건국대학교 대학원 벤처전문기술학과) ;
  • 문종범 (건국대학교 대학원 벤처전문기술학과)
  • Published : 2008.04.12

Abstract

Through simulations and field experiment on A.C. parallel operation of both Utility Interactive Photovoltaic System and Diesel Engine Revolving Field Type Synchronous Generator, following factors have been found. First, the inverter should be operated in three modes of frequency(mode.1: ${\pm}$0.3Hz, mode.2: ${\pm}$1Hz, mode.3: ${\pm}$2Hz) as default, considering properties of operating Synchronous Generator. Second, as a result of supplying 13.5kW of residual power, it has been found that Synchronous Generator takes the power input only as reactive power, because it was electrically stable with frequency of 60.14Hz and high voltage of 222.3V even when power factor was -0.94. Besides, it was mechanically stable, too, because the quake, noise, and temperature of Synchronous Generator in this case were 7.5mm/s, 97dB, and $6^{\circ}C$ respectively, which were lower than normal load connection of 145.6kW; 11.03mm/s. Thus, load share of Revolving Field Type Synchronous Generator reduces according to the supply of Photovoltaic System to the load power. In this experiment, 200kW of Synchronous Generator and 40kW of Photovoltaic System were operated in parallel. The load share was 20% in maximum. and 11.1lit/hr of fuel was saved.