All objects emit infrared above absolute temperature 0K. Infrared thermography is one of the nondestructive testing technologies to measure the temperature of the object. Infrared thermography shows infrared image which in a longer wavelength than visible light. Infrared technology can be employed regardless of the type or state of the objects. Thus, infrared thermography technique has been used in a wide variety of manufacturing processes in areas such as mechanical, electrical, chemical and medical applications. The advancement of using infrared technology has been increasing. In this paper, the principle of lock-in infrared thermography and its applications were investigated, and the direction of future development was discussed.