A Study on the Balise Failure Analysis & Effects for ETCS Application

ETCS 적용 구간에서의 발리스 고장 분석 및 영향에 관한 연구

  • 이명철 (서울과학기술대학교 철도전문대학원, 철도전기신호공학과) ;
  • 김창훈 (유경제어 주식회사, 개발부) ;
  • 지정근 (유경제어 주식회사, 개발부) ;
  • 이종우 (서울과학기술대학교 철도전문대학원, 철도전기신호공학과)
  • Published : 2011.10.20


When the Balise(the device to transmit information between the on-board equipment and the wayside equipment) failure occurs, it may not be able to transmit data(Telegram) required for the train running. And in some cases, it may be able to cause an accident. Therefore, both the Balise failure affecting train safety running and the hazard in accordance with Balise failure require some activities to establish them. General failure mode & hazard analysis associated with the Balise are described in UNISIG SUBSET-036 spec & UNISIG SUBSET-088 spec. And, with reference to these specifications, safety activities are being performed. In recent domestic railway, the train control system applying ETCS(European Train Control System) Level 1, 2 is being serviced and is being planned, and as part of this system, the Balise is being applied. The design-method of the Balise device for each manufacturer are different, therefore the Balise failure mode & failure rate are different, either. But the functionalities & transmission-data format(Telegram) of the Balise in ETCS Level 1, 2 application for each manufacturer are identical. Accordingly, the hazard caused by function-fail can be identical, either. In order to establish these hazard, in this paper, we analyzed the detailed functions of the Balise. And we analyzed the Balise failure types & failure effects in accordance with the detailed functions.