Experimental Studies on the Second Intermediate Host of Clonorchis sinensis I. Survey on the metacercariae of some trematodes in fresh-water shrimps and experimental infection of Palaemon spp. with Clonorchis cercariae

간흡충(肝吸蟲)의 제이중간숙주(第二中間宿主)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) I. 민물 새우의 metacercaria 조사(調査) 및 간흡충(肝吸蟲) cercaria의 Palaemon spp.에 대(對)한 감염시험(感染試驗)

  • Rhee, Jae Ku (College of Agriculture, Jeon-buk National University)
  • Published : 1969.09.01


The present studies were undertaken to determine accurately whether Korean native fresh-water shrimps can serve as the second intermediate host of Clonorchis sinensis. The experimental results obtained were as follows; 1. Metacercaria of Clonorchis sinensis was not discovered in 36 Macrobranchium nipponensis (De Hann), 1992 Palaemon paucidens (De Hann) and Palaemon madestus Heller, and 860 Caridina leucastica Stimpson, collected in Kimhae district, which were digested in artificial gastric juice, using binocular dissecting microscope. 2. Cercariae of the Chinese liver fluke could not approach the body wall of young shrimps due to streaming caused by their motion. 3. Young Palaemon spp. of 247 were divided into two groups and placed in two different room aquariums, one is at high temperature, the other is normal. Then they were contacted with the cercariae. Only 11 degenerated metacercariae were found in 9 Palaemon spp. It was suggested that they had died immediately or within a few days after penetration. Furthermore the temperature did not affect the infective ratio. 4. At the field experimental aquarium, no metacercaria of Clonorchis sinensis was discovered tn 100 Palaemon spp. which had been brought into contact with 5000 Parafossarulus manchouricus two trials. 5. Specific changes in the cercariae mixed with the extract of shrimps meat were not observed through the dissecting microscope. 6. These results suggest that the Korean native shrimps cannot serve as the intermediate host of Clonorchis sinensis.