Studies on Tasty Constituents in Various Foodstuffs -Part 1. Tasty Constituents of Chinese Quince-

각종(各種) 식품(食品)의 정미성분(呈味成分)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -제 1 보(第 1 報) 모과의 정미성분(呈味成分)-

  • Published : 1971.12.28

Abstract

Tasty constituents of the Chinese quince such as polyphenols, amino acids, sugars and organic acids were surveyed through the course of this study. The results are as follows: 1. The major moiety of the polyphenol constituents were catechin, leucoanthocyan, and associated tannins. 2. Amino acids were mostly composed of aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine and ${\beta}-alanine$. 3. Citric and malic acids were the main organic acids. 4. Sugars detected were glucose, fructose, sucrose and xylose. 5. When compared with apple and/or pear: the total amount of amino acids were quite similar, sugars decreased from half to one third, but the total amount of polyphenol constituents increased from 20 up to 50 times and 3 to 5 times in organic acids. These indicates unambiguously that the origin of rough and acidic taste is due to these high level of polyphenols and organic acids.

Keywords