The nature of non-specific inhibitor and natural agglutinin for goose erythrocytes in chicken serum

계혈청(鷄血淸)에 들어 있는 뇌염(腦炎)바이러스에 대한 비특이물질 및 거위 혈구(血球)에 대한 응집소의 성상(性狀)에 관한 연구(硏究)

  • Published : 1971.09.01


(1) The non-specific inhibitors (NSI) in normal chicken sera were active against all the tested group A and group B arboviruses, but the group B arbovirus were more sensitive than group A arboviruses. (2) The titres of the NSI were distributed nearly uniformly among chickens from seven different age groups to group A arboviruses. In contrast, the NSI titres to group A arboviruses were found to increase with age. (3) No significant difference could be demonstrated between acetone-ether extraction and kaolin adsorption for removal of the NSI in normal chicken sera. (4) After heating, the NSI titres in chicken sera were increased for both group A and group B arboviruses. (5) After heating the sera at $80^{\circ}C$ and $100^{\circ}C$, kaolin adsorption was less efficient for removing the NSI than it, was in unheated serum. Acetone-ether extraction of the NSI was unimpaired after heating at $80^{\circ}C$ but was less efficient after heating at $100^{\circ}C$. (6) The NSI activity was found mainly in the first peak (IgM) and diffused to a part of second peak (IgG) by fractionation of chicken serum by gel filtration through Sephadex G200. After zonal centrifugation of chicken serum in a linear ten to 40 percent sucrose gradient all of the NSI activities were found on the top of the centrifugal tubes. These properties of large molecular size and low density indicated that the NSI in chicken serum were probably lipoproteins. (7) The natural agglutinins for goose erythrocytes in chicken sera were partially destroyed by acetone-ether extraction but not by kaolin adsorption, and were efficiently adsorbed with ten percent goose erythrocytes. No difference of the NA titre was demonstrated with diluents of different pH. (8) The NA in chicken serum was found to possess the properties of IgM by gel filtration through Sephadex G200 and zonal centrifugation in linear ten to 40 percent sucrose gradient.