Production of Single Cell Protein on Petroleum Hydrocarbon -IV. On the Continuous Fermentation and Some Cultivation Conditions for Candida tropicalis KIST 351-

석유탄화수소를 이용한 단세포단백질의 생산에 관한 연구 -IV. Candida tropicalis KIST 351의 연속배양 및 몇가지 조건에 관하여-

  • Lee, Yong-Hyun (Food Resources Laboratory, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Pyun, Yoo-Ryang (Food Resources Laboratory, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kwon, Tai-Wan (Food Resources Laboratory, Korea Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 이용현 (한국과학기술연구소 식량자원연구실) ;
  • 변유량 (한국과학기술연구소 식량자원연구실) ;
  • 권태완 (한국과학기술연구소 식량자원연구실)
  • Published : 1972.09.28


Effects of several different petroleum fractions (LGO, HGO, VGO, Diesel oil, SP(E), HGO-wax, L/M-wax), stepwise addition of calculated amounts of HGO at defined intervals, recycling of spent media on cell growth of Candida tropicalis KIST 351 were studied using $2.5{\ell}$ fermenter by batch process. In addition, continuous cultivation of the yeast was also performed in the light of biomass production using $28{\ell}$ fermenter with LGO. 1) Cell concentration, yield on the basis of gas oil and n-paraffin with the petroleum fractions were in the range of $11{\sim}15g/{\ell}$, $10{\sim}12%$ and $77{\sim}82%$, respectively. 2) By stepwise addition of the gas oil, cell concentration and yield on the oil were increased up to 18.9 g/land 13%, respectively. 3) Spent medium slowed emulsifying ability of hydrocarbon and stimulating effect on the cell growth. Without additional supplementation of $Mg^{++}$ up to 20% of spent medium could be reused, while by adding of the $Mg^{++}$, 50% of medium could be recycled. 4) Optimum condition of continuous cultivation for biomass production was attained at the dilution rate of $D=0.1{\sim}0.125\;hr^{-1}$. Maximum yield coefficient on consumed n-paraffin was 0.94 at $D=0.1\;hr^{-1}$, however, 24% of supplied n-paraffin in the media was not utilized at this dilution rate.