Development of Composite Flours and Their Products Utilizing Domestic Raw Materials - I. Physical and Chemical Properties and Nutritional Test of Composite Flour Materials -

국산원료(國産原料)를 활용(活用)한 복합분(複合粉) 및 제품개발(製品開發)에 관한 연구(硏究) - 제 1 보 원료분(原料粉)의 이화학적성상(理化學的性狀) 및 영양시험(營養試驗) -

  • 김형수 (연세대학교 식생활과) ;
  • 이관영 (방사선농학연구소 식품공학연구실) ;
  • 김성기 (방사선농학연구소 식품공학연구실) ;
  • 이서래 (방사선농학연구소 식품공학연구실)
  • Published : 1973.03.28

Abstract

In an attempt to develop composite flours based on raw materials available in Korea, six domestic resources were investigated with respect to their physical and chemical properties, nutritive value and economy. The results are summarized as follows: 1) Flours from naked barley, sweet potato, potato, corn, defatted rice bran and defatted soybean were compared in respect of their proximate composition, thiamine content and protein score. 2) In color comparison, naked barley and defatted soy flours were comparable to wheat flour whereas corn and sweet potato flours were a little inferior. In raising power, naked barley and defatted soy flours were similar to wheat flour and others were inferior. 3) In maximum viscosity of flours by amylograph, naked barley, corn and potato flours were higher than wheat flour and others were lower. In viscosity in cooling, corn flour was similar to wheat flour and naked barley and potato flours were lower. Addition of $10{\sim}20%$ defatted soy flour into other flours generally caused the lowering of viscosity. Addition of emulsifiers such as glyceryl monostearate, calcium stearyl lactylate, Methocel and Emulthin into the flours manifested different effects on the amylogram. 4) In nutritional test by rat, diets consisting of naked barley, sweet potato, potato or corn flours, each containing defatted soy flour (at 10% level with exception of 20% for sweet potato flour) and naked barley flour fortified with lysine were similar to wheat flour in digestibility, but were superior in NPU and biological value. 5) In price estimation, sweet potato and corn flours were competitive with wheat flour, but naked barley flour was a little expensive. On the other hand, barley and sweet potato are promising in terms of domestic production.

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