The Effects of Ionic Strength on Polytungstate Ions Equilibrium in KCl Solution

다중텅그스텐산 이온평형에 대한 이온세기의 영향. 염화칼륨용액에서

  • 안상운 (전북대학교 문리과대학 화학과)
  • Published : 1974.06.30

Abstract

The effects of ionic strength on the polynucleation reaction of tungstate ions and the protonized reaction of polytungstate ions have been investigated in the range of ionic strength from 1 M to 4 M KCl.The hexatungstate ions and the protonized forms of hexatungstate ions are formed in the tungstate solutions whose ionic strengths are 1 M to 4 M KCl. The equilibrium constants for the formation of hexatungstate ions and the protonized forms of hexatungstate ions are calculated in the range of ionic strength from 1 M to 4M KCl. The enthalpy changes for the formation of hexatungstate ions and the protonized forms of hexatungstate ions are as follows; $7H^++{6WO_4}^{2-}={HW_6O_{21}}^{5-}+3H_2O\;\;{\Delta}H^{\circ}=-62.4{\pm}0.6$$H^++{HW_6O_{21}}^{5-}={H_2W_6O_{21}}^{4-}\;\;{\Delta}H+_1^{\circ}=-4.12{\pm}0.10$$H^++{H_2W_6O_{21}}^{4-}={ H_3W_6O_{21}}^{3-}\;\;{\Delta}H_2^{\circ}=-4.36{\pm}0.30$ The free energy and entropy changes for the above reactions have been also calculated. A linear relation is formed between $log k_{6,7}$ and ionic strength, and $log k_1\;or\;log k_2\;vs{\cdot}{\mu}.$ $log k_{6,7}\;=\;D{\mu}+I,\;\;where\;D\;=\;1.66{\pm}0.02$$log k_1\;=\;D_1{\mu}+I_1,\;\;where\;D_1\;=\;-8.065{\pm}0.001$$log k_2\;=\;D_2{\mu}+I_2,\;\;where\;D_2\;=\;-0.376{\pm}0.006$

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