The Anion Exchange Chromatographic Studies on the Polymerization Equilibria of Molybdate and Tungstate and the Production of APT

음이온 교환크로마토그래피에 의한 몰리브덴산과 텅스텐산의 중합, 평형 및 APT 제조에 관한 연구

  • 차기원 (인하대학교 이과대학 화학과) ;
  • 박기채 (고려대학교 이공대학 화학과)
  • Published : 1975.08.30

Abstract

The elution behaviour of molybdate and tungstate through anion exchange column has been studied at the various pH. A discussion is made to evaluate the equilibrium constants of the polymerization of these acids comparing with the behaviour of chromate ion and dichromate ion. The eqailibrium constants found at $20^{\circ}$ are $K = 4{\times}10^{53} for 7MoO_4^{2-} + 8H^+ {\longleftrightarrow} Mo7O_{24}^{6- }+ 4H_2O$$ K = 3{\times}10^{54} for 6WO_4^{2-} + 7H^+ {\longleftrightarrow} HW6O_{21}^{5-} + 7H_2O$ referring to this results the conditions of separation of tungstate and molybdate are obtained. iThe quantitative separations of carbonate, molybdate and tungstate from the pregnant solution have been established by anion exchange chromatography, using the $22 cm{\times}44.27 cm^2$ column of Rexyn 201. The optimum eluents for the quantitative separation of those ions are as follows; 0.2M solution of sodium chloride at pH 8 for carbonate, the mixture of 0.5 M ammonium chloride and 0.05 M sodium sulfate at pH 5 for molybdate and 0.5 M solution of ammonium chloride at pH 10 for tungstate. Tungstate is directly recovered from the pregnant solution as a form of ammonium paratungstate, by eluting with ammonium chloride solution.

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