- Volume 15 Issue 1
Pathological Studies on Experimental Poisoning of Organic Phosphate Insecticide
유기인제 중독에 관한 병리학적 연구
- Lee, Cha Soo (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Gyeongbug National University) ;
- Lim, Chang Hyeong (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Seoul National University)
- Published : 1975.04.30
The authors believe that farm livestok will be greatly affected by the marked increasing use of organic phosphate. This study was carried out to observe the clinical signs and histopathological changes of mouse, guinea pig, hamster and rabbit that were orally administered with diazinon used usually as agricultural insecticide, and cholinesterase (ChE) activity was histochemically examined in the liver, heart, kidney, adrenal gland, duodenum and salivary gland of these experimental animals administered with diazinon. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Clinical signs such as dullness, severe salivation, ataxia, dyspnea, irregular slight convulsion and inappetance and as the histopathological changes cloudy swelling, congestion and hemorrhage of parenchymal organs, catarrh or local necrsois of the gastrointestinal tract, congestion or hemorrhage of the other organs were observed. Especially, hemorrhage of adrenal glands (rabbit, guinea pig) and pulmonary congestion and hemorrhage were necessarily constant. 2. In the histochemical study, ChE activity appeared intensely in the liver, heart, medulla of adrenal glands and salivary glands (submaxillary and parotid) of control animals, but ChE activity was negative or markedly decreased in experimental animals administered with diazinon. There was no marked difference between the control and experimental animals in ChE activity of the kidney. 3. Histochemical observation of ChE activity was helpful to explain the clinical signs and histopathological changes and was regarded as a diagnostic method for organic phosphate poisoning.