# 탈지산양유(脫脂山羊乳)가 우정자보존(牛精子保存)에 미치는 영향(影響)

• Lee, Hyo Jong (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Ariculture, Seoul National University) ;
• Oh, Soo Kak (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Ariculture, Seoul National University)
• 이효종 (서울대학교 농과대학 수의학과) ;
• 오수각 (서울대학교 농과대학 수의학과)
• Published : 1975.10.15

#### Abstract

Skimmed goat milk heated at $92^{\circ}C$ for 10 minutes was used as a basal extender for bull semen. The extenders for liquid semen were prepared by adding simultaneously at various ratio of 5% dextrose solution and egg yolk to skimmed goat milk. After bull seven was diluted with the extenders at the rate of 20 million spermatozoa per ml of the extenders. The extenders were stored at $5^{\circ}C$ and the survival rates of spermatozoa were examined at 4 and 24 hours, and 3, 5 and 7 days after dilution. The extenders for frozen semen were prepared by adding various ratlo of glycerol to skimmed goat milk containing 20 parts of 5% dextrose solution and 3 parts of egg folk to 77 parts of skimmed goat milk. After bull semen was diluted with the extenders at the rate of 40 million spermatozoa per ml of the extenders, the extenders were frozen in liquid nitrogen tank. The frozen extenders were thawed at $40^{\circ}C$ for 2 minutes, and the revival rates of the spermatozoa in the extenders were examined. These thawed extenders were stored at $5^{\circ}C$ and the survival rates of the spermatozoa were examined at 10 minutes and 24 hours and 3 and 5 days after thawing. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Among the extenders stored at $5^{\circ}C$, the survival rate of the sperm was the highest in the extender including 20 parts of 5% dextrose solution and 3 parts of egg yolk to 77 parts of skimmed goat milk, and the survival rate was significantly higher that of the spermatozoa in egg folk-2.9% sodium citrate (1 : 4) extender. (P<0.05) 2.Among the extenders frozen in liquid nitrogen tank, the revival rate of the spermatozoa was the highest in the extender containing 7ml of glycerol per 100ml of the extender with consisted of 77 parts of skimmed goat milk, 20hparts of 5% dextrose solution and 3 parts of egg yolk, and the revival rate was significantly higher than that of the spermatozoa in egg yolk-2.9% sodium citrate (1 : 4) extender containing 8ml of glycerol per 100ml of the extender (p<0.01). 3. Among the extenders stored at $5^{\circ}C$ after thawing, the survival rate of the spermatozoa was the highest in the extender containing 7ml of glycerol per 100ml of extender which consisted of 77 parts of skimmed goat milk, 20 parts of 5% dextrose solution and 3 parts of egg yolk, and the survival rate was significantly higher than that of the spermatozoa in egg yolk -2.9% sodium citrate (1 : 4) extender containing 8ml of glycerol per 100ml of the extender (p<0.01).