Studies on the Lipolytic Enzyme of Molds Part II. Cultural condition of Rhizopus japonicus

사상균(絲狀菌)의 지방분해효소(脂肪分解酵素)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) 제2보(第2報) 분리사상균(分離絲狀菌) Rhizopus japonicus의 배양조건검토(培養條件檢討)

  • Published : 1976.03.28

Abstract

These experiment were conducted to investigate the cultural condition of the lipase production by Rhizopus japonicus. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Soybean meal and ammonium sulfate were the most effective in the lipase production as organic and inorganic nitrogen sources, respectively. 2. The lipase production was strongly inhibited, when added as carbon sources xylose, glucose, fructose, galactose, maltose, soluble starch, and dextrin causing the lowering of pH of the medium during culture. Sucrose did not inhibit the lipase production, but not caused any effect when added. 3. $K_2HPO_4$ as phosphate salt and $MgSO_4{\cdot}7H_2O$ as magnesium salt were the most effective in the lipase production. 4. The addition of olive oil, soybean oil, and coconut oil respectively increased the enzyme production and especially 1% olive oil increased it by 50%. 5. The enzyme production increased slightly on the addition of yeast extract to $0.05{\sim}0.07%$. 6. The optimum composition of the medium for the lipase production by Rhizopus japonicus was in the composition of soybean meal 2%; $K_2HPO_4{\cdot}$ 0.5%; $(NH_4)_2SO_4$ 0.1%; $MgSO_4\;7H_2O$ 0.05%; yeast extract 0.05%; olive oil 1%. The maximum production of the lipase was attained by the incubation far 48hrs under the optimum incubation condition.

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