Studies on Normal Synovial Fluid from Tibiotarsal Joints of Korean Cattle 1. Gross Appearance and Cellular Constituents

한우(韓牛)의 관절골액(關節滑液)에 관한 연구(硏究) 1. 경부관절골액(脛부關節滑液)의 성상(性狀)과 세포조성(細胞組成)에 관하여

  • Han, Hong Ryul (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 한홍율 (서울대학교 수의과대학)
  • Published : 1976.10.20


The gross appearance, cellular constituents, and quality of mucin clot of synovial fluid from the normal tibiotarsal joints of 57 healthy Korean cattle were investigated. The results obtained were summarized as followings. 1. The gross appearance of the synovial fluid were quite clear without any minute particles of flocculent, colourless (78.95%) or slightly yellowish (21.05%), and it did not coagulate within the 24 hours after sampling. 2. The mean number of leucocytes for the entire group was $127.68{\pm}13.84/mm^3$ (SE) with a range of 0 to $627/mm^3$ for individual samples. In the total cell count no significance among the investigated age and sex categories was found. 3. The mean differential values for the groups ware: neutrophil, $9.36{\pm}1.67%$; lymphocyte, $57.66{\pm}8.34%$; monocyte, $24.70{\pm}2.22%$; eosinophil, $1.45{\pm}0.27%$; and macrophage, $5.83{\pm}1.13%$. No basophils were observed in stained smears of synovial fluid. 4. Normal mucin clot quality was recorded for 94.7% of the animals, but 5.3% were observed to have fair mucin clot quality. Quality of mucin clot was approximately equal for bulls, cows, and calves.