A Study on Pyrolysis of Cellulosic Organic Solid Wastes

셀룰로오스질 유기고형폐물의 열분해에 관한 연구

  • Park Nae Joung (Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Ik University)
  • 박내정 (홍익대학교 이공대학 화학공학과)
  • Published : 1977.08.30

Abstract

Cellulosic organic solid wastes such as bark and sawdust, and filter papers as a pure cellulose were pyrolyzed at $300^{\circ}C$ under nitrogen current and mixed current of nitrogen and air. Amounts of condensates collected in air, water, and dry ice-acetone cooling traps, noncondensable gases, and carbonized residues were surveyed. The components of volatile liquids condensed in dry ice-acetone trap were separated by means of gas chromatograph and identified by retention times and syringe reactions. Pyrolysis under nitrogen current produced 13.4∼29.6${\%}$ of tar, 0.01∼0.12${\%}$ of aqueous liquids, 0.24∼1.43${\%}$ of volatile liquids, 9.84∼42.41${\%}$ of noncondensable gases, and 44.0∼65.81${\%}$ of carbonized residues. Pyrolysis under mixed current decreased tar and condensable liquids, but increased noncondensable gases.Volatile liquids collected under nitrogen current separated into the same 19 components by Porapak Q column regardless of the materials and only difference among materials was relative amounts of components. Volatile liquids collected under mixed current separated into six components and mainly lower molecular weight compounds such as methanol and formaldehyde were produced. According to the retention times and syringe reactions, methanol, formaldehyde, acetone, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, and three other compounds presumably containing hydroxyl group in the molecular structure were identified out of 19 compounds.

Keywords

References

  1. Engineering Foundation Research Conference on Solid Waste Research and Development Pryrolysis of solid municipal wastes D. A. Hoffman
  2. Proceedings of the Third Mineral Wastes Utilization Symposium Prolysis of waste materials from urban and rural sources M. D. Schlesinger;W. S. Sanner;D. E. Wolfson
  3. Proc. Montana Acad. Sci. v.33 F. Shafizadeh;C. McLntyre;H. Lundstrom;Y. L. Fu
  4. Carbohyd. Res. v.29 F. Shafizadeh;Y. L. Fu
  5. Anal. Chem. v.36 J. E. Hoff;E. D. Feit
  6. Carbon v.2 M. M. Tang;R. Bacon
  7. J. Org. Chem. v.37 F. Shafizadeh;Y. Z. Lai
  8. J. Polym. Sci. no.36 F. Shafizadeh
  9. Agr. Biol. Chem. v.32 no.6 K. Kato;H. Komorita
  10. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Symposium No.28 F. Shafizadeh
  11. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 7128 Conversion of municipal and industrial refuse into useful materials by pyrolysis W. S. Sanner;C. Ortuglio;J. C. Walters;D. E. Wolfson
  12. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. v.7 J. B. Berkowitz-Mattuck;T. Noguchi
  13. J. Appl. Chem. v.16 G. A. Byrne;D. Gardiner;F. H. Holmes