Studies on the Colouring matters for Rubber Industry [I] -Kinetics of the Coupling reaction of H-acid-

고무용(用) azo계(系) 착색제(着色劑)에 관한 연구(硏究) -H-산(酸)의 Coupling반응(反應)에 관한 속도론적(速度論的) 고찰(考察)-

  • 박흥조 (인하대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Published : 1977.06.30


The kinetics of azo-coupling reaction of N-acetyl-H-acid (1-acetamino-8-hydroxynaphthalene-3, 6-disulfonic acid) with several heterocyclic diasonium compounds such as diazotiged 3-aminopyridine, 3-aminoquinoline, 8-aminoauinoline and aniline was studied. It was found that reactions proceeded at remarkably different rate. Reaction rate was in increasing order; 3-aminopyridine, 3-aminoquinoline, 8-aminoauinoline and aniline. And the activation energies were 9.62, 10.10, 10.39, 10.70 Kcal/mole, respectively. Especially, the rate constant of 3-aminopyridine was 100 times larger than that of benzene diasonium compound even in strong acidity. Hammett plot was also made of the rate constants obtained against the heterocyclic substituent constants reported in the literature. A good linear relationship was obtained and the reaction constant of N-acetyl H-acid was calculated to be 3.14.