A Study on Flavorous Taste Components in Kimchis -On Free Amino Acids-

김치의 맛 성분(成分)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -유리(遊離) 아미노산(酸)에 관(關)하여 -

  • Published : 1979.03.30


Free amino acids and total free sugar of kimchi were identified. Free amino acids of kimchis were extracted by 80% ethanol and isolated by ion exchange chromatography. Identification and quantitative determination of individual free amino acids were performed by amino acid autoanalyzer. Free sugar of kimchis was extracted by aqueous ethanol and isolated by ion exchange chromatography. Quantitative determination of it was perfermed by spectrophotometer. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Lysine, histidine, arginine, tryptophan, aspartic acid, threonine, glutamic acid, proline, glycine, alanine, cysteine, valine, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, tyrosine and phenylalanine were found in all kimchis. 2. The change of free amino acid composition during fermentation of kimchis was not observed, but the amount of total free amino acids of fermented kimchi decreased as compared with those of raw kimchi. 3. In kimchi containing 10 ml of fermented anchovy solution/100 g of chinese cabbage, the amount of total free amino acids was more than that of fermented salt kimchi and the characteristic flavor of it was attributed to such amino acids as lysine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, valine, methionine, isoleucine and leucine. 4. Large amount of free sugar in raw salt kimchi decreased during fermentation, but, after fermentation, significant difference of free sugar content between salt kimchi and kimchi containing fermented anchovy solution was not observed.