The Study of Textural Characteristics of Soybean Curd Prepared with various Coagulants

각종응고제에 따른 두부의 Texture 특성에 관한 연구

  • 문수재 (연세대학교 가정대학 식생활과)
  • Published : 1979.01.01


Five kinds of soybean curd were propared with five coagulants, such as, calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, glucono delta lactone and acetic acid. The products were evaluated by the sensory and objective examination. Optimal concentrations of each coagulant were determined. Soybean curd preparation was also standardized. The textural characteristics of the five soybean curds which were made by the standard recipe were measured by a Texturometer and a Penetrometer. The results were as follows : 1. From the proliminary study, the optimal concentration of coagulants for the soybean curd preparation, as determined by the sensory evaluation was 1.84% of calcium sulfute, 1.05% of calcium chloride. 1.84% of calcium sulfute, 1.05% of calcium chloride. 1.84% of magnesium chloride, 1.97% of glucono delta lactone and 0.48% 11of acetic acid. 2. As the result of the sensory evaluation, the most acceptable soybean curd was determined to be one with acetic acid. Next, in order of accetability , were magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, glucono delta lactone, calcium sulfate soybean curds and commerical soybean curd. 3. Through the objective examination of the five soybean curds by a Texturometer and a Penetrometer, it was found out that, calcium sulfate soybean curd was the hardest and the hardness decreased in order of glucono delta lactone, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, and acetic acid soybean curd. Acetic acid soybean curd, the most acceptable , was 0.47 TU ; and calcium sulfate soybean curd, the least acceptable, was 1.73 TU.