A Study of Salt's Effects on Cooked Food

각종 식염의 조리효과에 관한 연구

  • 문수재 (연세대학교 의과대학 식생활과)
  • Published : 1979.01.01


The phyio-chemical properties of Ion exchange salt, crude salt, particaly refined salt, and Isoized salt were determined. The basic amount of salt used in cooking were standardized . Acceptabilities as to the taste and saltiness of food prepared with the standard amounts of various kinds of salt were compared. Whereupon, the following conclusion was obtained. 1) Crude salt showed 12.23 per cent water content, the highest among the kinds of salt examined, while particaly refined salt had 2.53% water content. Refined salt, Ion exchange salt, and Iodized salt showed 0.36%, and 0.28%, respectively. 2) Where the same amount of salt was dissolved in the same amount of water, crude salt and partialy refined salt were dissolved twice as Ion exchange salt of fine-grain form, refined salt, and Iodized salt. In actual cooking, Ion exchanges salt and refined salt are used only half as much as raw salt, and it can be said that the time required for dissolving salt is the same. 3) The comparison between content and weight of various kinds of salt showed that the weights of Ion exchange salt, Iodized salt, and refined salt were two times as heavy as crude salt and partialy refined condition of same content. 40 The threshold concentration of salt is the sensed degree of saltiness. Different concentrations were recorded for various for various kinds of salt, the threshold concentration of Ion exchanges salt showed the lowest degree of 0.05, while that of partialy refined salt was 0.09 equivalent to 1.8 times that of the former. 5) Experimental cooking involving various kinds of salt indicated that where salt was used accurately, soup, vegetables, kimchi, and soybean sauce which were prepared with Ion exchanges salt showed the best acceptability , but no statistical differences could be noted among sarious kinds of salt used in preparing those foods.