- Volume 12 Issue 3
A series of tests ware conducted to find out whether continuous heat bleaching of the refined Malaysian plam oil stored in different conditions could reduce color of the finished oil in an actual plant situation. When the refined oil was stored in a stainless steel tank and was not abused by heat during 5 month storage period, heat bleaching followed by clay bleaching and deodorization resulted in a substantial reduction in color of the finished oil in comparison to conventional process (clay bleaching of the refined oil followed by deodorization) (2.6 vs 1.3 red in Lovibond color). However, when the refined oil was stored in a carbon steel tank and was highly abused by heat in the presence of iron picked up from the tank (6.53 ppm) during the same storage period, heat bleaching followed by clay bleaching and deodorization did not help reduce color of the finished oil in comparison to the conventional process (2.7 vs 2.8 red in Lovibond color). It was also shown that oxidation values were not good indices for heat bleachability. Heat bleaching caused slight increase in polymer content of the oil. However, trans isomers were not increased when the oil was heat bleached.