Studies on Identification of the Anthocyanins in Elderberries (Sambucus)

Elderberry(Sambucus) Anthocyanin에 관한 연구(硏究)

  • Shin, Mal-Shick (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Ahn, Seung-Yo (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University)
  • 신말식 (서울대학교 가정대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 안승요 (서울대학교 가정대학 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1980.12.30


Studies have been carried out on the structure and the content of the anthocyanins in elderberries which were just recently transplanted in Korea. The anthocyanin pigments of elderberries were extracted with 1 % methanolic HCl and purified with Amberlite IRC-50 cation exchange column. The individual pigments were isolated by paper chromatography. Five pigments, identified by various chemical and physical methods were cyanidin-3-monoglucoside(4.3%), cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside(28.3%), cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside with p-coumaric arid(12.9%), cyanidin-3-xyloglucoside-5-glucoside(38.3%), cyanidin-3-xyloglucoside-5-glucoside with p-coumaric acid(16.2%). The content of total anthocyanin in elderberry was 3.13 mg/g fresh weight.