Influence of Various Soil CharacteriBtics in GinBeng Field or the Growth and the Yield of Ginseng (Panax gisoseng C. A. Meyer)

인삼전지의 토양특성이 인삼의 생육및 수량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • 이일호 (고려인삼연구소) ;
  • 육창수 (충북대학교 농과대학 농화학과) ;
  • 한강완 (고려인삼연구소) ;
  • 박찬수 (고려인삼연구소) ;
  • 박현석 (고려인삼연구소) ;
  • 남기열 (고려인삼연구소)
  • Published : 1980.12.01


A study was made to clarify the topographical. and Physical characteristics of ginseng field in terms of soil science and to find the relationship between soil characteristics and ginseng growth, as well as yield of ginseng roots Forty nine farmer's red ginseng field of ginseng growing area were chosen for this study and investigated for two years. The results obtained were as follow. 1. Ginseng fie1ds with high yield which represent the more than 1.8kg of ginseng root per 3.2m2 were found in soil series of Bancheon, Yeongog, Weongog, etc. whose texture were the clay loam to clay soil. On the other hand, ginseng field with low yield were observed in soil series of seogto whose texture was loamy soil with high content of gravels. 2 Soil of ginseng field with high yield had higher content of clay. silt soil moisture and soil pore as compared with soils of low yields. These soil characteristics were positively correlated with stem length stem diameter and root weight of ginseng plsnt and negatively correlated with rate of missing plant 3. The adequate ranges of soil 3 phase from high yield ginseng field were 40 to 50% of solid Phase, 22 to 35% of liquid phase, 25 to 35% of gaseous phase in top soil and 45 to 55% of solid phase. 28 to 30% of liquid phase. 15 to 20% of gaseous phase in subsoil respectively.