Nucleophilic Substitution at a Carbooyl Carbon Atom (ⅩI). Solvolysis of Methylchloroformate and Its Thioanalogues in Methanol, Ethanol and Ethanol-Water Mixtures

카르보닐탄소원자의 친핵성 치환반응 (제11보). 메탄올, 에탄올 및 에탄올-물 혼합용매중에서 메틸클로로훠메이트와 그 티오유도체들의 가용매분해반응에 관한 연구

  • Sangmoo La (Department of Chemical Engineering, Ajou Institute of Technology) ;
  • Koh Kyeong Shin (Department of Chemistry, Chung-ang University) ;
  • Ikchoon Lee (Department of Chemistry, Inha University)
  • 나상무 (아주공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 고경신 (중앙대학교 문리과대학 화학과) ;
  • 이익춘 (인하대학교 이과대학 화학과)
  • Published : 19800230


Solvolysis rate constants for methylchloroformate, methylthionochloroformate, methylthiolchloroformate and methyldithiochloroformate have been determined conductometrically in methanol, ethanol and ethanol-water mixtures and activation parameters have been derived. Results show that methylchloroformate solvolyzes through $S_N2$ process while methyldithiochloroformate solvolyzes by $S_N1$ process in all the solvent systems. The rate of hydrolysis decreased in the order, $CH_3S(CS)Cl>CH_3S(CO)Cl>CH_3O(CS)Cl>CH_3O(CO)Cl$ which corresponds to the order of decreasing $S_N1$ character. In methanol, $CH_3S(CS)Cl$ solvolyzed via the $S_N1$ mechanism while the others solvolyzed via the $S_N2$ process. In ethanol, however, $S_N2$ character was dominant for all the compounds, except methyldithiochloroformate, for which $S_N1$ character was still strong enough to accelerate the rate of ethanolysis. In ethanol-water mixtures, $CH_3S(CS)Cl$ and $CH_3S(CS)Cl$ solvolyzed via $S_N2$ process in ethanol-rich region while the $S_N1$ character increased greatly in water-rich region for the solvolysis of these compounds. The order of $S_N1$ character for solvolysis in water-rich region was the same as the order of hydrolysis rate.



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