Antmicrobial Drug Susceptibility of Pathogenic Bacteria Isolated from Animals in Korea

동물유래(動物由來) 병원세균(病源細菌)의 각종(各種) 항생물질(抗生物質)에 대한 감수성조사(感受性調査)

  • Kim, Bong Hwan (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Rhee, Jae Chin (Institute of Veterinary Research, Office of Rural Development) ;
  • Kim, Ki Seuk (Institute of Veterinary Research, Office of Rural Development) ;
  • Han, Tae Woo (Institute of Veterinary Research, Office of Rural Development)
  • 김봉환 (경상대학교 농과대학 수의학과) ;
  • 이재진 (농촌진흥청 가축위생연구소) ;
  • 김기석 (농촌진흥청 가축위생연구소) ;
  • 한태우 (농촌진흥청 가축위생연구소)
  • Published : 1980.10.25


The antimicrobial drug susceptibility of 439 isolates of animal pathogens recovered from various clinical cases during 1978-79 has been investigated by the use of disk diffusion technique. The majority of 308 strains of Eschericihia coli were highly resistant to bacitracin, erythromycin, penicillin, streptomycin and tetracyclinon while only 0.3 per cent of them were resistant to gentamicin and 3.2 per cent to colistin. The percentages of strains resistant to ampicillin, carbenicillin, cephalothin, chloramphenicol and neomycin were 30.5%, 24.7%, 11:4%, 28.2% and 26.2% and repectively. However, none of E. coli cultures of ovine origin were resistant to ampicillin, carbenicillin, chloramphenicol, colistin, gentamicin, kanamycin, and neomycin. A total of 39 patterns of multipe drug1 resistance of 308 strains E. coli against 9 drugs in general use such as ampicillin, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, colistin, gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, streptomycin and tetracycline were observed and the most common multiple resistance patterns were SM, TC pattern (20.5%) and AM, CP, KM, NM, SM, TC pattern (9.7%). None of the 43 cultures of salmonella organism from pigs and chickens were resistant to ampicillin, carbenicillin, cephalothin, colistin, gentamicin and kanamycin; and the majority of the cultures were susceptible to chloramphenicol (90.0%), neomycin (97.7%) and tetracycline (93.0%). All the cultures were found to be resistant to bacitracin and penicillin and the rate of resistant strains to erythromycin and s treptomycin being 79.1% and 41.9% respectively. It was found that the majority of 63 cultures of staphylococcal isolates were resistant to lincomycin, penicillin, streptomycin and tetracycline. The percentages of 63 staphylococcal isolates susceptible to gentamicin, nitrofurantoin, cephalothin, ampicillin, methicillin, bacitracin and chloramphenicol were 98.4%, 98.4%, 95.2%, 93.7%, 93.7%, 92.1% and 92.1% respectively. The 25 cultures of streptococcal isolates were resistant in order of prevalence to streptomycin(88.0%), kanamycin(68.0%), gentamicin (44.0%), tetracycline (44.0%) and methicillin (40.0%) wihle the majority of them were sensitive to ampicillin, bacitracin, chloramphenicol and penicillin.