- Volume 21 Issue 2
Comparison of Coagulase, Deoxyribonuclease (dnase), and Thermostable Nuclease Tests for Identification of Pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus
병원성(病原性) 포도구균(葡萄球菌)의 동정(同定)을 위한 Coagulase, Deoxyribonuclease (DNase) 및 내열성(耐熱性) Nuclease 생산능(生産能)의 비교(比較)
- Kim, Jong-Myeon (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Jeonbug National University) ;
- Song, Hee-Jong (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Jeonbug National University) ;
- Jeong, Ok-Vong (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Jeonbug National University)
- Published : 1981.10.15
A total of 251 clinical isolates (human origin, 43 strains and bovine udder origin 208 strains) of the Staphylococcus that fermented mannitol aerobically were tested for their ability to produce coagulase, DNase, and thermostable nuclease. Of these, 158 isolates coagulated human or bovine plasma, produced DNase, and thermostable, nuclease and were identified as St. aureous, 146 of which produced a 1+ to 3+ clot. The remaining 12 isolated produced a -clot in citrate treated plasma but produced 1+ to 3+ clot in ethylenedi-aminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) treated plasma. It was found that 7 coagulase positive isolates failed to produced thermostable nuclease. In these organisms, we found out of the clot formation is not by coagulase activity but utilization of citrate, because EDTA treated plasma is not coagulated. Among 93 isolates which did not coagulate citrate-or EDTA treated plasma and thermostable nuclease negative, 28 strains produced DNase were identified as St. epidermidis, and other strains were not identification further. It was found that thermostable nuclese production appears to be a consistent property of St. aureus and the test is easy to perform, is rapid became quite distinct within 2 to 4 hour, and is not influenced by as many factors and variations as the coagulase test.