Studies on Food Preservation by Controlling Water Activity - II. Dehydration Mechanism and Water Activity of Filefish Muscle -

식품보장(食品保藏)과 수분활성(水分活性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 제 2 보 : 말쥐치육(肉)의 건조기구(乾操機構)와 수분활성(水分活性) -

  • Published : 1982.12.30


Filefish muscle in the form of thin plate $(5{\times}10{\times}0.4\;cm)$ was dried in a forced air dryer at $47.5^{\circ}C$ to study the relation between dehydration mechanism and water activity. The dryer was designed in such a way that the temperature, relative humidity and velocity of air could be controlled. The whole dehydration process of the filefish muscle was divided into two different drying rate periods, constant and falling rate period. During the constant drying rate period, the drying rate was proportional to the square root of air velocity under the conditions of constant temperature and relative humidity of air. The falling rate period was further divided into two different falling drying rate periods, first and second falling rate period. The first falling rate period was an unsaturated surface drying period caused by partial unsaturation of the drying surface with capillary condensed free water diffused from the internal part of the filefish muscle. At this stage he drying rate was mainly dependent on the relative humidity at constant air temperature, and case-hardening phenomenon started at the end of this stage. The moisture content and the water activity at which the second falling rate period started were not constant, because the drying rate of the first falling rate period was strongly dependent on the air humidity. The second falling rate period was again divided into two drying rate periods, former and latter period. The drying rates of both of these periods were independent on the external air humidity. During the former period of the second falling rate period, the dehydration was proceeded by diffusion and vaporization of capillary condensed free water in filefish muscle. The diffusion coefficient of water was $2.89{\times}10^{-10}m^2/sec\;at\;47.5^{\circ}C$. At this stage, the case-herdening continued until the water activity reduced to 0.7. The latter period of the second falling rate period started at the water activity of 0.45. The dedydration was proceeded by diffusion and vaporization of bound water, which adsorbed in multimolecular layers, through the hardened drying surface. The number of molecular layers was 4, and the diffusion coefficient of water during this stage was $4.38{\times}10^{-11}m^2/sec\;at\;47.5^{\circ}C$.