Batch Scale Storage of Sprouting Foods by Irradiation Combined with Natural Low Temperature - I. Storage of Potatoes -

방사선(放射線) 조사(照射)와 자연저온(自然低溫)에 의한 발아식품(發芽食品)의 Batch Scale 저장(貯藏)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 제(第) 1 보(報) : 감자의 저장(貯藏) -

  • Cho, Han-Ok (Radiation Agri. Div., Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Byun, Myung-Woo (Radiation Agri. Div., Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kwon, Joong-Ho (Radiation Agri. Div., Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Yang, Ho-Sook (Radiation Agri. Div., Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Chul-Ho (Dept. of Food Technology, Korea University)
  • 조한옥 (한국에너지연구소 방사선농학연구실) ;
  • 변명우 (한국에너지연구소 방사선농학연구실) ;
  • 권중호 (한국에너지연구소 방사선농학연구실) ;
  • 양호숙 (한국에너지연구소 방사선농학연구실) ;
  • 이철호 (고려대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1982.12.30


In order to develop the commercial storage method of potatoes by irradiation combined with natural low temperature, storage room($450{\times}650{\times}250cm$; year round temperature change, $2-17^{\circ}C;\;70-85%\;R.H.$) on a batch scale followed by irradiation with optimum dose level. Irish cobbler and Shimabara were 100% sprouted after 3 months storage in control, whereas in 15 Krad irradiated group, sprouting was completely inhibited at Irish cobbler for 9 months storage, and at Shimabara for 12 months. The extent of loss due to rot attack after 9 months storage was 6% in control, 6-8% in 10-15 Krad irradiated group at Irish cobbler and weight loss was 16.5% in control, 5.1-5.6% in irradiated group, whereas rotting rate of Shimabara after 12 months storage was 100% in control, 15% in irradiated group and the weight loss of its was 12.6% in control, $7.3{\sim}7.4%$ in irradiated group. The moisture content in whole storage period of two varieties were $72{\sim}82%$ without remarkable changes. The total sugar and ascorbic acid contents were slightly decreased according to the dose increase and elapse of storage period, whereas reducing sugar content was increased. Irish cobbler was 90% marketable after 9 months storage and 85% in Shimabara after 12 months storage.