한국(韓國) 병과류(餠菓類)의 조리학적(調理學的) 연구(硏究) -유과(油菓)를 중심(中心)으로-

• Han, Jae-Sook (Department of Home Management College of Home Economics, Yeungnam University)
• 한재숙 (영남대학교 가정대학 가정관리학과)
• Published : 1982.12.30

Abstract

In order to determine the optimal condition for making Yugwa (one of the Korean traditional cake) the textures in various conditions were studied by sensory test and texturometer. The changes of texture and fat content in the cake were measured along the period of storage. The results were as follows: (1) The cake were classified in 3 groups according to the leavening agent used in the procedure, namely refined rice wine (W), distilled liquor (L) and yeast group (Y). It was the refined rice wine group that had been 'the best' by sensory test. Its brittleness $(1.40{\pm}0.27)$ was higher than those of L and Y. (2) Crispness measured by bend test prior to soaking into syrup were 1.19, 1.23 and 1.63 in W, L, Y, respectively. (3) Chemical composition (%dry basis)) of Yugwa leavened with W included 9.3 of moisture, 1.3 crude protein, 6.7 crude lipid, 66.4 carbohydrate and 16.3 crude ash. (4) Brittleness decreased gradually along the period of storage while the rancidity increased. From the 40th days of storage, the change of brittleness and rancidity were marked as well as the scores of sensory test decreased significantly. (5) Content of linoleic acid in Yugwa decreased along the period of storage from 52.5% of total fatty acid on the first day to 10.9% on the 50th days Main fatty acids in Yugwa were oleic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid, all of which were also decreased in content along the period of storage. One remarkable change was the appearance of an unknown fatty acid with 19.54 of retention time, in 50% of total fatty acid, on the 50th day of storage.