Mineral Composition and Physical Properties Change of Chicken Muscle

계육(鷄肉)의 무기물(無機物) 조성(組成)과 물리적(物理的) 성질(性質)의 변화(變化)

  • 정병열 (건국대학교 축산대학) ;
  • 양철영 (서울보건전문대학 한국보건과학연구소)
  • Published : 1982.12.30

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to investigate the minerals content and post-mortem biochemical change of broiler leg and breast muscle during hot and cold storage period. The leg and breast muscle samples were stored at $2^{\circ}C$and $30^{\circ}C$ for 32 hours, and analyzed 0, 4, 8, 32 hours after slaughter, the results obtained as follows (1) Minerals composition were different between breast and leg muscle. (2) Total nitrogen content changed according to the storage period and temperature in the breast (P<0.005) and the leg (P<0.005) (3) The Content of phosphate (P<0.005), magnesium (P<0.005), sodium (P<0.025) in breast muscle was higher than in the leg mucle, and did not change according to the storage period and temperature. (4) Calcium and iron contents were not different between breast and leg muscle but significantly changed according to the storage period and temperature. (5) Sodium content was not different among the various factors, and pH was different between leg and breast (P<0.005) muscle, and ultimate pH was appeared at 8 hours of slaughter, but 20 hours of slaughter in hot stored breast muscle. (6) pH decline in cold stored breast muscle was faster than in the hot stored. (7) Penetration value was higher in the breast muscle than in the leg muscle (P<0.005) (8) Regormortis were not occurred in cold stored breast muscle and hot stored leg muscle, but occurred in cold stored leg muscle and hot stored breast muscle at 4 hours after slaughter.

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