Pathological Studies on the Experimentally Induced Rodenticide Poisoning in Ruminant

반추수(反芻獸)의 살서제중독(殺鼠劑中毒)에 관한 병리학적(病理學的) 연구(硏究)

  • Lee, Cha-Soo (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Gyeongbug National University) ;
  • Park, Cheong-Kyu (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Gyeongbug National University) ;
  • Cho, Yong-Joon (Gyeongbug Animal Health Experimental Institute) ;
  • Kwak, Soo-Dong (Gyeongbug Animal Health Experimental Institute)
  • 이차수 (경북대학교 농과대학) ;
  • 박청규 (경북대학교 농과대학) ;
  • 조용준 (경상북도 가축위생시험소) ;
  • 곽수동 (경상북도 가축위생시험소)
  • Published : 1982.10.09

Abstract

This paper dealt with the pathological and clinical findings on the experimentally induced rodenticide (fluoroacetate, zinc phosphide, thallium sulfate, coumarin) and NaCN poisoning of ruminants (Holstein cattle and/or Korean native goat) for the purpose of the diagnosis in the accidental rodenticide poisoning of cattle. The results observed are summarized as follows: Fluoroacetate poisoning (cattle and goat): in the clinical signs, there were depression, convulsion, dyspnea, groan, grinding of the teeth, vomiting, opisthotonus and post-mortem tympany. In the macroscopical findings, the blood was more or less poor coagulative and dark red, bloody fluid with foam in the trachea, hyperemia and hemorrhage of tracheal mucosa and lung, cloudy swelling and hyperemia of kidney, epicardial hemorrhage(cattle), and hyperemia of abomasum, intestine and brain were observed. In the microscopical findings, there were pulmonary edema and hemorrhage, necrosis of convoluted tubular epithelium and interstitial hemorrhage of kidney, focal coagulative necrosis of myocardium, hemorrhage of pancreas and spleen, dilatation of Virchow-Robin space and hyperemia of brain, and necrosis with desquamation of mucosal epithelia of abomasum and upper small intestine. In the histological lesions of the liver, lobular peripheral hyperemia, centrilobular necrosis and cytoplasmic inclusion bodies of the hetatic cells were observed. The cytoplasmic inclusion body of the hepatic cells was not seen in the affected goat, but hydropic degeneration of the hepatic cells was marked. Zinc phosphide poisoning (cattle and goat): clinically, the affected animals died in recumbent position after ataxia, dyspnea and convulsion. In the macroscopical findings, hyperemia and hemorrhage of lung, cloudy swelling and hyperemia of liver and kidney, hemorrhage of spleen (cattle), and catarrh of abomasum and small intestine were observed. In the microscopical findings, necrosis of the convoluted tubular epithelium and hyperemia of kidney, hemorrhage of spleen, hyperemia of lung, hyperemia or hemorrhage of heart, cloudy. swelling and fatty changes of hepatic cells, dilatation of hepatic central vein, hyperemia of brain, and catarrh of abomasal and small intestinal mucosae were observed. Thallium sulfate poisoning (cattle): in the macroscopical findings dark red color of blood, hyperemia and hemorrhage of lung, bloody fluid with foam in the tracheal mucosa, petechiae of tracheal mucosa, cloudy swelling and hemorrhage of liver, necrotic lesions and hemorrhage of renal cortex and epicardial hemorrhage were observed. In the microscopical findings, severe hemorrhages of the lung, cloudy swelling and necrosis of hepatic cells, hyperemia and hemorrhage of liver, focal coagulative necrosis of mycordium, necrosis of the convoluted tubular epithelium and hyperemia of kidney, hyperemia and hemorrhage of spleen and dilatation of Virchow-Robin apace in brain were observed. Coumarin poisoning (goat): the poisoned animals died in the state of groan and depression. In the macroscopical findings, poor coagulation of blood, hemorrhage of lung, cloudy swelling and severe hemorrhages of liver, cloudy swelling and hemorrhage of kidney, abomasal hemorrhage, catarrh of small intestine, and hyperemia and hemorrhage of the other organs were observed, In the microscopical findings, hyperemia and hemorrhage of lung and kidney, cloudy swelling of the convoluted tubular epithelium of kidney, severe hepatic hyperemia, cloudy swelling and hydropic degeneration of heptatic cell, and hyperemia and hemorrhage of brain and spleen were observed. NaCN poisoning (cattle and goat): clinically, there were convulsion, severe dyspnea, paresis of hind limb, depression and then rigor of four limbs. In the macroscopical findings, bright red color of blood, hyperemia and bright and red tinge of lung cloudy swelling of kidney and liver, and hyperemia of abomasum were observed. In the microscopical findings, cloudy swelling and hydropic degeneration of hepatic cell, hyperemia and edema of lung, necrosis and degeneration of the convoluted tubular epithelium and hemorrhage in kidney, dilatation of Virchow-Robin space of brain and hemorrhage of spleen were observed.

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