Pathological Studies on Urea Poisoning in Milk Goats

산양(山羊)의 요소중독(尿素中毒)에 관한 병리학적(病理學的) 연구(硏究)

  • Kim, Soon-Bok (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Chung, Un-Ik (Institute of Veterinary Research, Office of Rural Development)
  • 김순복 (경상대학교 농과대학) ;
  • 정운익 (농촌진흥청 가축위생연구소)
  • Published : 1982.10.09


Pathological studies on 6 milk goats administrated with urea were carried out to determine the effects of acute and chronic poisonings on the animal. Clinical signs appeared about 10 minutes after ingestion of the urea and they consisted chiefly in dullness, staggering, uncontrolled urination, dyspnea, frothy salivation, bloating, muscular tremor, humping of back and tetanic spasms. Macroscopic lesions were failure of blood clot, frothy and bloody contents in the highly congested respiratory tract, pulmonary edema, rumenitis and abomatitis accompanying with petechiation of the upper small intestine. Microscopically, the liver showed vacuolar degeneration, fatty change and areas of necrosis and partial proliferation of the interlobular connective tissues in chronic crises. The renal epithelium displaced vacuolar degeneration, necrosis and hyaline casts in their lumens. In the lungs, there were hyperemia, edema, hemorrhages, and acute catarrhal bronchitis. Neuronal degeneration and necrosis in the central nervous system, catarrhal rumenitis, abomatitis, doudenitis and myocardial hemorrhage were also demonstrated.