Studies on Experimentally Induced Traumatic Hepatitis and Splenitis in Ruminants

반추수(反芻獸)의 창상성간염(創傷性肝炎) 및 비염(脾炎)에 관한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究)

  • Cheong, Chang-Kook (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Sung, Jai-Ki (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Nam, Tchi-Chou (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 정창국 (서울대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 성재기 (서울대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 남치주 (서울대학교 수의과대학)
  • Published : 1982.10.09


The traumatic hepatitis and splenitis were experimentally induced in Korean native goats. General examinations, hematological and blood biochemical findings were investigated up to 10 days after induction of traumatic hepatitis and splenitis. Body weight of goats with traumatic hepatitis and splenitis showed no change or only a slight decrease. Changes in body temperature and respiratory rate were not noted in both experimental groups. Heart rate hart not been changed in traumatic splenitis group but were a little increased in traumatic hepatitis group. Erythrocytic series such as erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin concentration and packed cell volume showed same variation within normal range during the period of observation. Total leucocyte counts showed the considerable increase in both experimental groups. The increase of the percentage of neutrophil and the decrease of the percentage of lymphocyte were more remarkable in traumatic hepatitis group than that of traumatic splenitis group. Serum aspartate transferase activity was increased in both experimental groups after surgery, while serum alkaline phosphatase activity has been decreased conciderably up to 7 days after surgery. Serum lactic dehydrogenase activity has been increased up to 3 days after operation and thereafter the activity has returned to normal level in traumatic hepatitis group and the activity increased only the first day after surgery in traumatic splenitis group. There were no changes in total protein and albumin contents in both experimental groups during the period of observation. Serum total cholesterol contents showed a slight increase in both experimental groups and the range of increase in traumatic hepatitis group was more wide. Serum bilirubin contents were net changed in traumatic hepatitis group, but showed a slight increase in traumatic splenitis group.