Studies on the Development of Food Resources from Waste Seeds -II. Chemical Composition of Apple Seed-

폐기종실(廢棄種實)의 식량자원화(食糧資源化)에 관(關)하여 -제(第) 2 보(報) : 사과씨의 화학적(化學的) 조성(組成)-

  • Yoon, Hyung-Sik (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyung-pook National University) ;
  • Choi, Cheong (Department of Food Science and Technology, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Oh, Man-Jin (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungnam National University)
  • 윤형식 (경북대학교 식품가공학과) ;
  • 최청 (영남대학교 식품가공학과) ;
  • 오만진 (충남대학교 식품가공학과)
  • Published : 1983.01.01

Abstract

The apple seed contained 25.96% of crude fat and 37.62% of crude protein. The lipid fractions obtained by cilicic column chromatography were mainly composed of about 93.52% neutral lipid, whereas compound lipid was only 6.48% level. Among the neutral lipid separated by thin layer chromatography, triglyceride was 92.17%, sterol ester, sterol, diglyceride and free fatty acid were 3.53, 2.25, 1.44 and 0.56, respectively. The predominent fatty acids of total and neutral lipids were linoleic acid (59.79-69.37%) and oleic acid (20.04-29.82%), but those of glycolipid and phojspholipid were linoleic acid (29.20-36.04%). The major fatty acids of triglyceride separated from neutral lipid were oleic acid (44.31%), linoleic acid (36.66%) and palmitic acid (12.48%). The salt soluble protein of apple seed was highly dispersible in 0.02M sodium phosphate buffer containing about 1.0M $MgSO_4$, and the extractability of seed protein was 37%, Glutamic acid was the major amino acid in salt soluble protein, followed by arginine and aspartic acid. The eletrophoretic analysis showed three bands in apple seed protein, and the collection rate of the main protein fraction purified by Sephadex G-100 and G-200 was 76.6%. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid and arginine were the major amino acids of the main apple seed protein. The molecular weight for the main protein of the apple seed was estimated to be 45,000.

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