Studies on the Preparation and Utilization of Filefish Protein Concentrate (FPC) -I. The Preparation and Properties-

말쥐치 농축단백질(濃縮蛋白質)의 제조(製造) 및 이용(利用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -제 1 보 : 제조조건(製造條件) 및 성질(性質)-

  • Published : 1983.01.01

Abstract

The purpose of the present work is to find out the optimal conditions for the production of filefish protein preparations and to define the functional properties of the protein products. Fish protein concentrate (FPC) and fish protein isolate (FPI) were prepared by extraction of whole or headed and gutted filefish with various organic solvents. The results of the present study are as follows; 1. Among the solvents tested iso-propyl alcohol appeared to be the most effective for the extraction of lipid and also for that trimethylamine from the fish muscle. 2. The optimal extraction time showed to be 20 minutes with ethyl iso-propyl alcohol at $65-70^{\circ}C$under adequate mixing. 3. The most effective solvent ratio to the weight of fish material was proved to be 5:1 at the first extraction and to be 2:1 at the second stage. 4. The lipid content of the protein preparations reduced to below 0.5% by the third stage of extraction of headed or gutted filefish. The protein concentrate from whole fish, however, showed the lipid content of 0.27-0.31% only after the fifth stage of extration. 5. The protein contents of the protein concentrate and the protein isolate from whole filefish were 81.08% and 87.41% and the lipid contents of the two protein preparations were 0.43% and 0.45% respectively. 6. Higher calcium content was found in the protein concentrate rather than in the protein isolate. No sodium and potassium in the protein isolate were detected while the fish concentrate appeared to contain a considerable amounts of both elements. 7. The functional properties, such as suspended solids, wetability, emulsion stability and foam viscosity of the filefish protein isolates were proved to be higher than those of the protein concentrate.

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