Lipids and Fatty Acid Composition of Barley Grain

보리의 지방질 성분에 관한 연구

  • Shin, Hyo-Sun (Department of Food Technology, Dongkuk University) ;
  • Gray, J. Ian (Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University)
  • Published : 1983.01.01


Lipids isolated from three barley samples were identified and quantitated by column, thin layer and gas liquid chromatographic techniques. These lipids were shown to consist of 69.3-73.1% neutral lipids, 9.6-16.5% glycolipids, and 14.2-17.9% phospholipids. Among the neutral lipids, triglycerides were predominant (54.2 to 55.7%) with smaller amounts of 1,2-diglycerides, 1,3-diglycerides, free sterols, free fatty acids, steryl esters, and three unknown being present. Among the glycolipids, digalactosyl diglycerides (31.3 to 33.2%) and monogalactosyl diglycerides (26.2 to 29.6%) were the most abundant. Esterified steryl glycosides, steryl glycosides, cerebrosides, sulfolipids, and an unknown component were present as minor components. Of the phosopholipids, phosphatidyl cholines and serines, lysophosphatidyl cholines, and phosphatidyl ethanolamines were the major components, comprising over 80% of this class. The major fatty acids in the total and the three lipid classes were palmitic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids. However, the neutral lipids fraction contained more oleic acid than other lipid fractions, and the phospholipids fraction contained more palmitic acid than the other lipid fractions.