The Effect of Dietary Calcium and Magnesium on the 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A Reductase

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A reductase 활성에 미치는 마그네슘과 칼슘의 영향

  • Chung, Young Tae (Gwangju Health Junior College Dept. of Food and Nutrition Science) ;
  • Nam, Hyun Keun (Gwangju Health Junior College Dept. of Food and Nutrition Science)
  • Received : 1983.05.30
  • Published : 1983.09.30

Abstract

The effect of dietary calcium and magnesium on the 3-Hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (E.C. 1.1.1.34) in rabbit's liver microsomal protein was studied for a period of 4 weeks using isocalories and isonitro-genous as a basal diet. The experimental rabbits fed the following basal diets, such as crude protein 68.45%, carbohydrates 13.38%, fats 16.17% and added some sorts of calcium and magnesium, according to experimental plan making. The subject rabbits were divided into 9 feeding groups. The results are summarized as follows. Body weight gains per week of the groups fed magnesium and basal diet showed a little bit increase, but the groups fed calcium and basal diet showed a little bit decrease compare with control group. In case of serum magnesium, control group was 9.5mg% groups fed basal diet and magnesium were 8.27mg% in average, groups fed basal diet and calcium were 4.45mg% in average. In case of serum calcium, control group was 15.3mg%, groups fed basal diet and magnesium were 14.6mg% in average, groups fed basal diet and calcium were 14.1mg% in average. There was no great difference between magnesium fed groups in serum calcium. In serum triglyceride, control group was 82.8mg%, groups fed magnesium and basal diet were 60.3mg% in average, groups fed calcium and basal diet were 69.5mg% in average. The calcium fed groups were higher than the magnesium fed groups in serum triglyceride. In serum cholesterol, control group was 80mg%, groups fed magnesium and basal diet were 64.3mg% in average, groups fed calcium and basal diet were 56.3mg% in average. The calcium fed groups were lower than the magnesium fed groups in serum cholesterol. In case of the 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity, control group was 0.998nmol/min/mg protein, groups fed magnesium and basal diet of HMG-CoA were 0.849nmol/min/mg in average.

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Acknowledgement

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