Stochastic Properties of Daily Temperature in Rivers

河川의 日別 水溫差에 대한 推計學的 特性

  • Ahn, Ryong Me (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Hong Keun (School of Public Health, Seoul National University)
  • Published : 1984.04.01


The stochastic characteristics of the daily range of water temperature variation was analyzed by employing the techniques of autocorrelation coefficient, autoreggresive model and crosscorrelation model. These time series included daily observations on maximum and minimum values of water temperature and air temperature. The measurement was made by automatic recording instrument at Gu-yee and Dook-do in Han River, and at Waegwan and Gu-mi in Nackdong River in 1981. As a result of this study, it was found that (1) The correlogram of daily water temperature ranges $\Delta AT_i$ and daily air temperature $\Delta AT_i$ at Gu-mi and Gu-yee showed the exponential curves. (2) The most high frequency values of $\Delta AT_i$ and $\Delta WT_i$ were 11$\circ$C and 0.5${\circ}C$ respectively at every measuring site. (3) The correlation coefficients between the daily mean air temperature AT$_i$ and the daily mean water temperature were fairly high as 0.966 at Dook-do and 0.949 at Gu-yee, but the correlation coefficients between $\Delta AT_i$ and $\Delta WT_i$ were very low as 0.1074 at Gu-yee and 0.0324 at Dook-Do.