Mesophilic and Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion of Swine Manure

中溫및 高溫嫌氣性消化에 의한 豚糞處理

  • Kim, Nam Cheon (Dept. of Env. Scien and Technology of Seoul College of Health) ;
  • Min, Kyung Sok (Dept. of City. Planning. Won Kwang University) ;
  • Chung, Paul Gene (Dept. of Env. Eng. Chun-Buk National University)
  • Published : 1984.04.01

Abstract

This study was made to evaluate the temperature effects on anaerobic digestion of swine manure. A laboratory single-stage, high-rate, anaerobic digester was operated at 10, 20 and 30 day's HRT at the temperature of 35$\circ$C or 55$\circ$C. The conclusions from this study are as follows: (1) COD and BOD reductions were similar in both the mesophilic and thermophilic digestions. (2) With thermophilic digestion, volatile reduction increased to 67%, as compared with 60% of mesophilic digestion. With thermophilic digestion, the pH increased to 8.5 as compared with 8.0 of mesophilic digestion. With thermophilic digestion, the concentration of volatile acid increased to 763 mg/l, as compared with 250 mg/l of mesophilic digestion. While the gas was produced by mesophilic digestion at 0.74m$^3$/kg of VS fed, it increased to 0.87 m$^3$/kg VS fed by thermophilic digestion. The refractory VS was about 25% of the infiuent VS.

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